Siege of Danzig (1655–1660)

The siege of Danzig took place between 1655 and 1660 when a Swedish force tried to capture this important Baltic Sea port city from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Second Northern War. After 5 years of fighting around Danzig (Gdańsk), the Swedish force which has made little ground surrendered.

Siege of Danzig (1655–1660)
Part of the Second Northern War and Deluge
Europe map 1648.PNG
Map of Europe at around that time.
Date1655–1660
Location
Result Polish-Lithuanian-Dutch victory
Belligerents
Sweden Sweden Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svgPolish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
 Dutch Republic
Commanders and leaders
Charles X Gustav of Sweden
Lorens von der Linde
Adrian von der Linde

ChronologyEdit

  • 1655
    • Swedish naval forces blocked Danzig's harbor – trade was suspended.
    • Swedish land forces capture the fortress Danziger Haupt (Głowa Gdańska, Danzig Head) – very important water gate on Vistula River
  • 1656, July – Dutch naval forces comes to Gdańsk Bay and unblock Danzig's harbor.
  • 1656, September – Treaty of Elbing: siege lifted due to Dutch intervention
  • 1659, 26 October – Poles defeated the Swedes in a skirmish near Danziger Haupt.
  • 1659, 22 December – Swedish garrison of the fortress Danziger Haupt capitulated.
  • 1660, May – Treaty of Oliva was signed. End of war.

Danzig all of that time was unconquered and remain loyal to Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • "Dzieje Gdańska", Edmund Cieślak, Czesław Biernat. Wydawnictwo Morskie Gdańsk, 1969

Coordinates: 54°22′00″N 18°38′00″E / 54.366667°N 18.633333°E / 54.366667; 18.633333