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Siege of Chittorgarh. In October 1567, the Mughal forces of approximately 5,000 men led by Akbar surrounded and besieged 8,000 Rajputs in Chittorgarh Fort. Within a few months, Akbar's ranks expanded to over 70,000 men and possibly more than 80,000 troops during the late phases of the siege, which ended in a decisive victory of the Mughals.[citation needed]

Siege of Chittorgarh
Part of Mughal-Hindu Rajput War (1558-1578)
Akbar shoots Jaimal at the siege of Chitor.jpg
The Mughal Emperor Akbar shoot a Rajput leader Rao Jaimal, using a matchlock.
Date 23 October 1567 - 23 February 1568
Location 250km northwest east of Agra
Result Decisive victory and a successful siege by Mughal Emperor Akbar.
Territorial
changes
The Mughal Empire swept into the territories of Udai Singh II.
Belligerents
Mughal Empire Rajputs of Chittorgarh Fort
Commanders and leaders
Akbar
Abdullah Khan
Khwaja Abdul Majid
Ghazi Khan
Mehtar Khan
Munim Khan
Rao Jaimal
Rana Jai Singh(KIA)
Rawat Patta Singh Sisodia(KIA)
Strength
80,000 men
80 cannons
95 swivel guns
800 matchlocks
5,000 war elephants
8,000 men
Casualties and losses
45000-55,000
8,000 Rajputs 30,000 civilians inside the fort
Mine sappers directed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar successfully explode a section of the fortified wall of Chittorgarh Fort.

The fortress of Chittorgarh finally fell on 23 February 1568 after a siege of four months when it was stormed by the Mughal forces. The siege "would have lasted longer had not Akbar killed Jaimal, the Rajput commander by a well-aimed musket shot. The garrison then gave up all hope and women immolated themselves by the rite of jauhar." About 25,000 people who had helped the resistance were massacred.[1]

Akbar then ordered the heads of his enemies to be displayed upon towers erected throughout the region, in order to demonstrate his authority and his victory over the Chittorgarh.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 174. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  2. ^ Chandra, Dr. Satish (2001). Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals. Har Anand Publications. p. 107. ISBN 81-241-0522-7.