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Siege of Bidar, was a twenty-seven day siege mounted by the Mughal Empire against Adil Shahi dynasty's garrison at Bidar patronized by Mohammed Adil Shah. The garrison was commanded by Sidi Marjan, who eventually surrendered and then died of his wounds.

Siege of Bidar
Part of Mughal-Bijapur War 1657-1686
Date29 March 1657[citation needed]
Location
Result Siege by the Mughal Army commanded by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb leads to the defeat and capture of Bidar and was considered a major victory against the Adil Shahi dynasty.
Territorial
changes
The Mughal Empire annexed northern territories ruled by the Adil Shahi dynasty
Belligerents
Mughal Empire Adil Shahi dynasty
Commanders and leaders
Aurangzeb Sidi Marjan 
Strength
5000 Total
1,000 cavalry
4,000 infantry

Contents

BattleEdit

Aurangzeb and his army advanced towards Bijapur and besieged Bidar.[1] The Kiladar (governor or captain) of the fortress, Sidi Marjan, defended it with 1,000 cavalry and 4,000 infantry. Sidi Marjan was mortally wounded when a gunpowder magazine exploded. After twenty-seven days of hard fighting Bidar was captured by the Mughals.[2]

AftermathEdit

The wealthy city of Bidar became part of the Mughal Empire.[3]

Notes and referencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Prasad 1974, p. 524: "[Aurangzeb] marched in the direction of Bijapur and on reaching Bidar laid siege to it.
  2. ^ Prasad 1974, p. 525: "The Qiladar of the fort was Sidi Marjan ... who had under his command 1000 horse and 4,000 foot ... Several sorties took place in which the advantage lay alternately with the Bijapuris and the Mughals. But in the end the Mughals by their superiority in numbers carried the day. They were helped by an explosion of powder magazine in the fortress ... Sidi Marjan and two of his sons were badly burnt ... The Mughals, taking advantage of this unfortunate incident, made a dash into the fortress ... Sidi Marjan who was mortally wounded saw no alternative but to submit to the invaders ... Thus was the fort of Bidar taken after a siege of 27 days."
  3. ^ Prasad 1974, p. 526: "Peace was made with the Sultan. He agreed ... to surrender to the Mughals the forts of Bidar, ..."

ReferencesEdit

  • Prasad, Ishwari (1974). The Mughal Empire. Allahabad: Chugh Publications. OCLC 1532660.