Siege of Adrianople (813)

The siege of Adrianople (Bulgarian: Обсада на Одрин) in 813 was a part of the wars of the Byzantine Empire with the Bulgarian khan Krum (Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars).

Siege of Adrianople
Part of the Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars
Location41°40′37″N 26°33′20″E / 41.6769°N 26.5556°E / 41.6769; 26.5556
Result Bulgarian victory
Bulgarian Empire Byzantine Empire
Commanders and leaders
Krum Unknown
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Heavy
10,000 captured

It began soon after the Byzantine field army was defeated in the battle of Versinikia on 22 June. At first the besieging force was commanded by Krum's brother[1] (whose name is not mentioned in the primary sources). The khan himself went on with an army to besiege Constantinople. After an unsuccessful Byzantine attempt to murder him ruined all prospects for negotiations with them, Krum ravaged much of Eastern Thrace and then turned against Adrianople which was still under siege. The city—one of the most important Byzantine fortresses in Thrace—held out for a while despite being attacked with siege engines. Yet, without any help from outside, the garrison was forced to capitulate due to starvation. On Krum's order the population of Adrianople and the surrounding area (numbering about 10,000) was transferred to Bulgarian territory north of the Danube.[2]

Under the peace treaty, concluded in 815, Adrianople remained in the Byzantine empire.[3]

Sources edit

  • Runciman, Steven: A history of the First Bulgarian Empire Archived 2012-02-19 at the Wayback Machine, G. Bell & Sons, London 1930 (online edition "Books about Macedonia" Archived 2008-12-04 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved on 23.12.2008)
  • Гюзелев, В. Кавханите и ичиргу-боилите на българското ханство-царство (VII-XI в.), Пловдив 2007, ISBN 978-954-91983-1-7
  • Златарски, В. История на българската държава през средните векове, том I, част 1, София 1970 (цитиран по електронното издание в „Книги за Македония“, достъп от 2.1.2009)
  • Острогорски, Г. История на византийската държава, София 1998, ISBN 954-8079-92-5
  • Рънсиман, Ст. История на Първото българско царство, ИК „Иван Вазов“, София 1993
  • Fine, J. The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, University of Michigan Press, 1991, ISBN 0-472-08149-7

Footnotes edit

  1. ^ Runciman, pp. 62-63 Archived 2012-02-19 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Runciman, pp. 64-65 Archived 2012-02-19 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Runciman, pp. 73-74 Archived 2012-02-19 at the Wayback Machine