The Siebengemeinden (Hebrew: שֶבַע קְהִלּוֹת; English: Seven Communities) were seven Jewish communities located in Eisenstadt and its surrounding area. The groups are known as Sheva Kehillot in Hebrew.
The Siebengemeinden (now in Austrian Burgenland, which formerly belonged to Hungary) were composed of communities in Eisenstadt, Mattersdorf (now Mattersburg), Kobersdorf, Lackenbach, Frauenkirchen, Kittsee, and Deutschkreutz (Tzeilem). All together there numbered around 3,000 Jews, who were predominantly of Orthodox Jewish persuasion.
The most pious lived in Mattersdorf and Deutschkreutz, where there were important yeshivas. Another community developed in Mattersdorf under the leadership of the great Rabbi Moses Sofer (1763–1839). All seven communities fell victim to the persecution of the Jews under the government of the National Socialists.
Data from the 1910 CensusEdit
- Alsókismartonhegy (Unterberg, now part of Eisenstadt): 276 Jews (79.3% of the town or village)
- Lakompak (Lackenbach): 464 Jews (27.8%)
- Kabold (Kobersdorf): 256 Jews (20.2%)
- Sopronkeresztúr (Deutschkreutz): 621 Jews (18.6%)
- Boldogasszony (Frauenkirchen): 412 Jews (15.1%)
- Nagymarton (Mattersdorf): 511 Jews (13.5%)
- Kismarton (Eisenstadt): 168 Jews (5.5%)
- Felsőkismartonhegy (Oberberg, now part of Eisenstadt): 58 Jews (4.4%)
- Köpcsény (Kittsee): 92 Jews (2.9%)