Shwe U Daung

Shwe U Daung (24 October 1889—10 August 1973) was a Burmese writer, translator and editor. He is known for creating the character "Detective U San Shar," considered the Burmese equivalent of Sherlock Holmes.[1] He received many awards including the Sarpay Beikman awards.[2][3][4]

Shwe U Daung
ShweUDaung Mhaine Hla at Beijing PeaceConfrence 1952.jpg
Pe Thein

(1889-10-24)October 24, 1889
Man Kyee Tone, Shwebo district, Sagaing Division, Myanmar
DiedAugust 10, 1973(1973-08-10) (aged 83)
  • Writer
  • translator
  • editor
Parent(s)Ayar (father)
Shwe (mother)
AwardsTranslation Award (1952,1955)
Lifetime Achievement Award (1961)

Early life and educationEdit

Shwe U Daung was born Pe Thein on 24 October 1889 in the Shwebo District, British Burma (now Myanmar). His father, U Ayar, was a British citizen, and his mother was Daw Shwe. He was the third of five siblings. Shwe attended the Buddhist School in Mandalay and later transferred to the Monastery of Mandalay and ABM school. In 1908, after passing the entrance exam at the University of Calcutta, he worked as a teacher at the Mandalay Buddhist school and the ABM school.


On 8 November 1915, his first novel Yan Gyi Aung was published. His second novel Yadanapon, which was written by the request of Thura U Ba Bay, was inspired by Ellen Wood's novel East Lynne. Having published two novels, Shwe U Daung became the editor of Thuriya magazine. It was at this time that he was given the pen name Shwe U Daung. While working as an editor in Thuriya, Shwe U Daung collaborated with a friend and jointly published the first issue of Myanmar Strategic Journal. In 1920, he left the Thuriya magazine.

Shwe U Daung died on 10 August 1973.[5][6]

Published booksEdit

  • Shwe U Daung, 1953
  • Yadanabon, 1953 (novel)
  • Detective U San Shar, 1961
  • Yupa Kalayar Ni, 1961


  1. ^ "Shwe U Daung and the Burmese Sherlock Holmes: To be a modern Burmese citizen living in a nation-state, 1889 -1962".
  2. ^ "ရွှေဥဒေါင်းနဲ့ နှစ်ပေါင်း ၁၃ဝ".
  3. ^ "နိုင်ငံကျော် စာရေးဆရာကြီး ရွှေဥဒေါင်းအကြောင်း".
  4. ^ "Libraries honour famous authors".
  5. ^ Shwe U Daung Lifelong History and Ideas.
  6. ^ The Daily Workman's Newspaper. 6 - 8 - 73. .