In ancient Mesopotamia, a shublugal, meaning slave of the king,[1] was a slave who lived in a temple,[2][3] like gurush and iginidug, but this type was more numerous.[4] In times of peace, the sovereign gave lands to people who exploit, and at times of war, they forced them to take part in the king's campaign.[4]

They were free workers who received lands from the kings in return for their labour.[5] They were at the service of a foreman.[6][7] The administrator of the temple could take away their livestock or homes with or without compensation.[8]


  1. ^ Kramer, Samuel Noah (1963). The Sumerians. Their History, Culture and Character. Chicago y Londres: University of Chicago Press. p. 319. ISBN 0-226-45237-9.
  2. ^ Leick, Gwendolyn (2 June 2009). "The Egibi Family". The Babylonian World. Routledge. p. 368. ISBN 9781134261277.
  3. ^ Khan, Jeffrey P. (22 October 2012). Angst: Origins of Anxiety and Depression. Oxford University Press. p. 210. ISBN 9780199977093.
  4. ^ a b Klima, Josef (1983). "La administración pública en Mesopotamia". Sociedad y cultura en la antigua Mesopotamia (in Spanish). Ediciones Akal. p. 99. ISBN 9788473395175.
  5. ^ Kramer, Jerrold S. (1 January 1986). Presargonic Inscriptions. American Oriental Society. p. 72. ISBN 9780940490826.
  6. ^ Aula orientalis. Vol. 9. Editorial AUSA. 1991.
  7. ^ Woods, Christopher (1 January 2008). "Mu-". The Grammar of Perspective: The Sumerian Conjugation Prefixes As a System of Voice. Brill Publishers. p. 139. ISBN 9789004148048.
  8. ^ Dunn, Stephen Porter; Dunn, Ethel (1974). Introduction to Soviet ethnography. Highgate Road Social Science Research Station. p. 582.