Shigisan Castle

Shigisan castle (信貴山城, Shigisanjō) was a Japanese castle of the Sengoku period, controlled by the Kizawa and Matsunaga clans. There are little remains of the castle on the present day site, just some moats and earthworks.[1]

Shigisan castle
信貴山城
Mount Shigi, border of Yamato and Kawachi Provinces, Japan
Mount Shigi1.jpg
Mt Shigi (Shigisan Castle)
Typeyamashiro-type Japanese castle
Site history
Built1536
Built byKizawa Nagamasa
In use1536–1577
Demolished1577
Battles/warsSiege of Shigisan (1577)
Garrison information
Past
commanders
Kizawa Nagamasa, Matsunaga Danjo Hisahide

LocationEdit

The castle was located atop Mount Shigi, on the border of Japan's Kawachi and Yamato Provinces (today Nara prefecture). The shugo (shogunal governors) and later daimyō of Yamato province ruled the province from Shigisan, and wielded some control over the strategic passes between Yamato and Kawachi.

The location was also significant for the temple of Chōgosonshi-ji, which sits on the mountainside, some distance below the castle. Shigisan is the central mountain of the Shingon sect of Buddhism, and is claimed to be the location where, in 587, Shōtoku Taishi defeated Mononobe no Moriya in the battle of Shigisan.

HistoryEdit

The castle was originally constructed in 1536 by Kizawa Nagamasa, who commanded it on behalf of the Hatakeyama clan, who held the post of shugo of Yamato province. It was repaired and expanded on in 1559, by Matsunaga Danjo Hisahide, who commanded it on behalf of the Miyoshi clan. It would grow to be roughly 700m from north to south, and 550m from east to west, and included a four-story yagura (tower or turret). In 1562, however, the daimyo of Yamato province moved to Tamonyama Castle.

Shigisan castle fell to members of the Miyoshi clan in 1568, but was recaptured quickly afterwards when the attackers' attention was redirected to the capital by the activities of Oda Nobunaga.

Nobunaga would then besiege the castle in 1577, destroying it and bringing the downfall of Matsunaga Hisahide.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "信貴山城跡" (in Japanese). 平群町公式. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  2. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (2000). The Samurai Sourcebook. London: Cassell & Co. p. 58, 228. ISBN 1854095234.
  • The information in this article is based largely upon that in the corresponding article on the Japanese Wikipedia, accessed 8 January 2008.

Coordinates: 34°36′46″N 135°40′06″E / 34.612729°N 135.668208°E / 34.612729; 135.668208