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Sherlock, named after Sherlock Holmes, was a file and web search tool created by Apple Inc. for Mac OS (not to be confused with macOS), introduced with Mac OS 8 as an extension of the Mac OS Finder's file searching capabilities. Like its predecessor, it searched for local files and file contents, using the same basic indexing code and search logic found in AppleSearch. Sherlock extended the system by allowing the user to search for items through the World Wide Web through a set of plugins that harness existing web search engines. These plugins were written as plain text files, so that it was a simple task for a user to write a Sherlock plugin.

Sherlock
SherlockLogo.png
Sherlock 3.6, Movies channel
Sherlock 3.6, Movies channel
Developer(s) Apple Inc.
Stable release
3.6.2 (179)
Development status Discontinued
Operating system Mac OS 8, 9, X
Type search engine
Website www.apple.com/lae/sherlock/

Sherlock was replaced by Spotlight and Dashboard in Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger, although Apple continued to include it with the default installation. Since most of the standard plug-ins for Sherlock provided by Apple itself no longer function, it was officially retired and removed in the release of Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard in 2007.

Contents

Sherlock plugin file formatEdit

The Sherlock 2 search plugin was an SGML document, and was typically given the ".src" file extension. The Sherlock plug-in was composed of three parts, identified by their element names: <search>, <input>, and <interpret> tags. These elements allowed Sherlock to (respectively) identify a search's engine's web page and the parts that are relevant to searching, as well as returning the results of the search. There was also a facility for defining how a Sherlock plug-in could update itself.

Sherlock search plugins could also be used (with minor modifications) in Mozilla's browser suites. These plugins were, appropriately enough, known as Mycroft project plugins (named after Mycroft Holmes, Sherlock Holmes' older brother). Among some of the changes made in the Sherlock file format were the separation of the automatic update element (which formed part of the <search> element) and the icon (provided in a separate file in Mozilla and part of the resource fork in Sherlock).

Sherlock 3 channelsEdit

The Sherlock 3 search plugin was a web application. It was downloaded on the fly from a server to ensure the latest version. Things change on the internet so quickly that this was one way for Apple to guarantee the newest version. A channel consisted of a web directory with an index. This usually pointed to a sub-directory (usually called "Channel") which contained the code XML, any Script XML, and localized lproj directories (nib file and Localized Text Resources as a plist).

The ten channels included by default were:

Current statusEdit

As Sherlock was never released as a Universal binary, it is not compatible with Mac OS X versions after Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard, and can't be launched on Intel Macs without Rosetta.

Related softwareEdit

Advocates of Watson made by Karelia Software, LLC claim that Apple copied their product without permission, compensation, or attribution in producing Sherlock 3.

Some disagree with this claim, stating that Sherlock 3 was the natural evolution of Sherlock 2, and that Watson was obviously meant to have some relation to Sherlock by its very name. Despite this, "Sherlocking" has become an accepted term used within the Mac and iOS developer community for Apple announcing a new system feature that seems similar to an existing third-party application.[1][2]

VersionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arment, Marco. "Sherlocking Myself Just Fine Over Here". Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Tsai, Michael. "The Indie Life". 

External linksEdit