Sheila Levrant de Bretteville
Sheila Levrant de Bretteville (born 1940) is an American graphic designer, artist and educator whose work reflects her belief in the importance of feminist principles and user participation in graphic design. In 1990 she became the director of the Yale University Graduate Program in Graphic Design and the first woman to receive tenure at the Yale University School of Art. In 2010 she was named the Caroline M. Street Professor of Graphic Design.
Sheila Levrant de Bretteville
|Born||1940 (age 78–79)|
Brooklyn, New York, United States
|Known for||Graphic design, public art, arts education|
|Awards||2004 Gold Medal from the American Institute of Graphic Arts|
Early life and educationEdit
Sheila Levrant de Bretteville was born in 1940 in Brooklyn, New York. She graduated from Abraham Lincoln High School in 1959. A Lincoln, she studied under Leon Friend who first exposed her to modern graphic design and the social responsibility of designers.
de Bretteville holds degrees from Barnard College and Yale University and has been awarded Honorary Doctorates from the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts), the Moore College of Art and California College of the Arts.
In 1971, de Bretteville founded the first design program for women at the California Institute of the Arts, and two years later co-founded the Woman's Building, a public center in Los Angeles dedicated to women's education and culture. In 1973, de Bretteville founded the Women’s Graphic Center and co-founded the Feminist Studio Workshop (along with Judy Chicago and Arlene Raven), both based at the Woman's Building.
She designed a necklace of an eye bolt on a chain, meant to represent "strength without a fist" as well as the biological symbol of women; she gave the first of these to Arlene Raven and Judy Chicago when they started the Feminist Studio Workshop in 1972. Since then she has given them to other women with whom she shares a vision of the creation of women's culture. Members of the Feminist Studio Workshop of 1978–79 also made 500 of these necklaces to celebrate the 5th anniversary of the Woman's Building in Los Angeles. The feminist art group Sisters of Jam (Mikaela & Moa Krestesen) turned the necklace into a mobile monument; they see the eye bolt "as a symbol for the work already done but also as an encouragement for the work that is not yet completed." Sisters of Jam also did the installation "Hello Sheila", which features an eye bolt on a chain, at the Survival Kit Festival in Umeå in 2014.
De Bretteville has had a lifelong interest in communal forms of art, which she believed were an essential component of the Feminist art movement in the United States. In 1973, she created "Pink," a broadside meant to explore the notions of gender as associated with the color pink, for an American Institute of Graphic Arts exhibition about color. This was the only entry about the color pink. Various women including many in the Feminist Studio Workshop submitted entries exploring their association with the color. De Bretteville arranged the squares of paper to form a “quilt” from which posters were printed and disseminated throughout Los Angeles. She was referred to by the nickname "Pinky" as a result.
De Bretteville has worked extensively in the field of public art creating works embedded within city neighborhoods. One of her best-known pieces is "Biddy Mason's Place: A Passage of Time,” an 82-foot concrete wall with embedded objects in downtown Los Angeles that tells the story of Biddy Mason, a former slave who became a midwife in Los Angeles and lived near the site. In “Path of Stars,” completed in 1994 in a New Haven neighborhood, de Bretteville documented the lives of local citizens—past and present—with 21 granite stars set in the sidewalk.
She is a member of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences
She has been honored with many awards such as a 2009 “Grandmaster” award from the New York Art Directors Club and several awards from the American Institute of Graphic Arts, including a ”Design Legend Gold Medal” for 2004, “Best Public Artwork” recognition for 2005 from Americans for the Arts, and several honorary doctorates.
- First Things First 2000 manifesto, signed by de Bretteville (among others)
- "About Sheila Levrant de Bretteville | SUL". Lib.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- "Yale University School of Art: Sheila Levrant De Bretteville". Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Leon Friend: One Teacher, Many Apostles". Design Observer. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
- Club, Art Directors (2010). The Art Directors Annual 88: Advertising Design Illustration Interactive Photography. Rockport Publishers. ISBN 9782888930853.
- "Sheila Levrant de Bretteville – NYC Department of Cultural Affairs". Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Faculty Biography for Sheila Levrant de Bretteville". Yale University School of Art.
- "!Women Art Revolution". About Sheila Levrant de Bretteville. Stanford University Digital Collections. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
- "Woman's Building Timeline". the Woman's Building. the Woman's Building. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- "Woman's Building People". Archived from the original on 2002-01-03.
- "Hello Sheila!".
- Sons and Daughters of Los: Culture and Community in L.A. by David E. James.
- "WACK! Exhibition, podcast interview with de Bretteville". MOCA.org. 1940-11-04. Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- "Betye Saar, "Biddy Mason: A Passage of Time" and "Biddy Mason: House of the Open Hand"; Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, "Biddy Mason: Time and Place", Los Angeles". Publicartinla.com. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- "Brooklyn Museum on Biddy Mason: Time & Place".
- "CultureNOW - Path of Stars: Sheila Levrant de Bretteville and City of New Haven Public Art". culturenow.org. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
- "AIGA Medalists". AIGA – the professional association for design.
- "Public Art Network Year in Review Database". Americans for the Arts.
- De Bretteville, Sheila Levrant. "More of the Young Men Are Feminists: An Interview with Shiela Levrant de Bretteville" In Women in Graphic Design 1890-2012, edited by Gerda Breuer and Julia Meer, p. 236-241. Berlin: Jovis, 2012.
- Hale, Sondra, and Terry Wolverton (eds). From Site To Vision: The Woman's Building in Contemporary Culture. Los Angeles, CA: Ben Maltz Gallery, Otis College of Art and Design, 2011.
- Redniss, L. "First Person: Three Styles." Print v. 58 no. 2 (March/April 2004) p. 56–61
- Close, J. A. "Reconcilable Differences." ID (v. 48 no. 1 (January/February 2001) p. 58
- Pou, A. "Exploding the Model: On Youth and Art." Public Art Review v. 9 no. 2 (Spring/Summer 1998) p. 4–11
- Betsky, A., et al., "The I.D. Forty: An Insider's Guide to America's Leading Design Innovators." ID (New York, N.Y.) v. 40 (January/February 1993) p. 45–67
- Brown, B. A. "Hope for the 90's" (What Feminist Art Movement Leaders Feel Today." Artweek v. 21 (February 8, 1990) p. 22-3
- Brumfield, J. "Sheila Levrant de Bretteville (interview with Yale's new director of the graduate program on graphic design)." Graphis v. 47 (March/April 1991) p. 30-5
- De Bretteville, Sheila Levrant. "Some aspects of design from the perspective of a woman designer." In Looking Closer 3: Classic Writings on Graphic Design, edited by Michael Bierut, et al., p. 238–245. New York: Allworth Press, 1999. Originally published in Iconographie 6 (1973).
- De Bretteville, Sheila Levrant, and John Brumfield. "Sheila Levrant de Bretteville." Graphis 47, no. 272 (March–April 1991): 30–5.
- De Bretteville, Sheila Levrant, and Ellen Lupton. "Sheila Levrant de Bretteville." Eye 2, no. 8 (1993): 10–16.
- De Forest, A. "Sheila Levrant de Bretteville (the Biddy Mason Wall, Los Angeles." ID (New York, N.Y.) v. 37 (May/June 1990) p. 24
- Deneve, R. "A Feminist Option." Print 30, no. 3 (May–June 1976): 54–9, 88–90.
- Wallis, B. "Public Art Marks Historic L.A. Site." Art in America v. 78 (June 1990) p. 207