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Shawville, Quebec

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Shawville is a town located in the Pontiac Regional County Municipality in the administrative region of Outaouais in western Quebec, Canada.

Shawville
Shawville main street.
Shawville main street.
Location within Pontiac RCM.
Location within Pontiac RCM.
Shawville is located in Western Quebec
Shawville
Shawville
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°36′N 76°29′W / 45.600°N 76.483°W / 45.600; -76.483Coordinates: 45°36′N 76°29′W / 45.600°N 76.483°W / 45.600; -76.483[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionOutaouais
RCMPontiac
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 1874
Government
 • MayorSandra Murray
 • Federal ridingPontiac
 • Prov. ridingPontiac
Area
 • Total5.40 km2 (2.08 sq mi)
 • Land5.40 km2 (2.08 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[3]
 • Total1,664
 • Density308.1/km2 (798/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 4.9%
 • Dwellings
775
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways Route 148
Route 303
Websitewww.town.
shawville.qc.ca

Contents

HistoryEdit

At the end of the 1860s, a group of citizens from Clarendon Centre, under the leadership of James Shaw (1818-1877), separated the municipality from the township of Clarendon. While they had originally planned on naming the new entity "Daggville," after the name of a pioneer family, they opted instead to name it "Shawville" after James Shaw promised to donate 0.8 ha of land to the new municipality. Shawville was officially established in 1874 and was populated by Irish Protestant immigrants. Shaw, who had settled in the area in 1843, was the first mayor, serving from 1856 to 1877.

The municipality has a Methodist church that was built in Shawville in 1835, while the Catholic Parish of Saint-Alexandre-de-Clarendon opened its doors in 1840. This church would later be renamed as Sainte-Mélanie, and still later as Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur in 1917.[1]

In recent times, Shawville has been the site of several conflicts between local shopkeepers and the Office québécois de la langue française over the province's language laws.[4]

GeographyEdit

The town is completely enclosed within the municipality of Clarendon. Shawville is situated approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi) west of Gatineau and 35 kilometres (22 mi) southeast of Fort-Coulonge.

CultureEdit

The town is characterized by its red-brick buildings, and unlike nearly every other municipality in Quebec, it has no Catholic church. Shawville is home to an elementary school, a high school, a regional hospital, and the SRPC national head office. Its businesses are mostly small and family run.

The Shawville Fair, held the first weekend in September, is the town's major event. It has run every year since 1856 and includes typical county fair features such as livestock shows, auctions, truck pulls, demolition derbies, art/craft/hobby shows, diverse food stands and a midway. In recent years, it has drawn headline entertainers such as Terri Clark, Stompin' Tom Connors, Paul Brandt, April Wine, Dean Brody and Corb Lund, with total attendance reaching around 50,000.

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Shawville, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 1,664 (+4.9% from 2006) 1,587 (+0.3% from 2001)
Land area: 5.40 km2 (2.08 sq mi) 5.40 km2 (2.08 sq mi)
Population density: 308.1/km2 (798/sq mi) 293.8/km2 (761/sq mi)
Median age: 50.8 (M: 48.0, F: 53.2) 49.4 (M: 45.7, F: 53.6)
Total private dwellings: 775 737
Median household income: $43,575 $35,950
References: 2011[3] 2006[5] earlier[6]
YearPop.±%
1991 1,591—    
1996 1,632+2.6%
YearPop.±%
2001 1,582−3.1%
2006 1,587+0.3%
YearPop.±%
2011 1,664+4.9%

LanguageEdit

Shawville is an overwhelmingly anglophone (with 85 per cent of its residents listing English as their first language in the Canada 2006 Census) and Protestant (75%) community.[5] This is unusual in Quebec, a province that is overwhelmingly French-speaking and Roman Catholic. The population have been known to quite literally run the so-called "language police" "out of town"[8] in defiance of the Charter of the French Language.

Mother tongue language (2006) [5]
Language Population Pct (%)
English 1,265 84.62%
French 180 12.04%
English and French 35 2.34%
Other languages 15 1.00%

SportsEdit

Shawville is represented in the Eastern Ontario Junior B Hockey League by the Shawville Pontiacs.

Notable peopleEdit

Famous people from Shawville include the former general manager of the Ottawa Senators, Bryan Murray, Terry Murray (current assistant coach of the Buffalo Sabres and former coach of the L.A. Kings), Tim Murray (former general manager of the Buffalo Sabres), NHL legend Frank "The Shawville Express" Finnigan and race horse owner and lawyer Clay Horner. Former NHL referee Blaine Angus also comes from the area. Ray Harris, a prominent singer-songwriter in the Ottawa area, was raised in Shawville and later wrote the song Shawville Girl.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Shawville (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  2. ^ a b "Shawville". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
  3. ^ a b c "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  4. ^ "'Shawville posse' language incident goes to court". CBC.ca. 19 December 2003. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ http://vigile.quebec/archives/996/shawville.html
  9. ^ Harris, Ray. "Shawville Girl". Bandcamp. Retrieved 20 January 2017.

External linksEdit