Shanzhou District

Shanzhou District, previously known as Shan County or Shanxian or Shaan, is an urban district of Sanmenxia in western Henan, China, bordering Shanxi province to the north.

Shanzhou
陕州区
Shanzhou in Sanmenxia
Shanzhou in Sanmenxia
Sanmenxia in Henan
Sanmenxia in Henan
Coordinates: 34°43′16″N 111°06′14″E / 34.721°N 111.104°E / 34.721; 111.104Coordinates: 34°43′16″N 111°06′14″E / 34.721°N 111.104°E / 34.721; 111.104
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Prefecture-level citySanmenxia
Area
 • District1,763 km2 (681 sq mi)
 • Urban
15.2 km2 (5.9 sq mi)
Elevation
360 m (1,180 ft)
Highest elevation
1,466 m (4,810 ft)
Lowest elevation
308 m (1,010 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • District350,700[1]
 • Urban
126,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
472001
Websiteshanxian.smx.gov.cn
Shanzhou District
Traditional Chinese陝州
Simplified Chinese陕州
Literal meaningShan Pass Prefecture
Former names
Shan County
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

It is located on the southern bank of the Yellow River and includes the Shan Pass, which gives its name to the district and to neighboring Shaanxi.

HistoryEdit

During the Neolithic era, the area was already inhabited by several large tribes. Between the 21st century BC and the 16th century BC it was ruled by the Xia Dynasty and between the 16th to the 11th century BC, it belonged to the Shang Dynasty.[2]

In 390 BC, Shan County was established, the area was often the battleground between the Qin and Wei. In 225 BC it definitively became part of the Qin area, governed by Sanchuan commandery.[2]

In 1952, Shan County became part of Luoyang. After the Sanmenxia Dam was (almost) completed in 1959, it became part of Sanmenxia City. In 2016 the county became Shanzhou District.[2]

Administrative divisionsEdit

As 2012, this district is divided to 4 towns and 9 townships.[3]

Towns
  • Xizhangcun (西张村镇)
  • Guanyintang (观音堂镇)
Townships
  • Zhangbian Township (张汴乡)
  • Zhangwan Township (张湾乡)
  • Caiyuan Township (菜园乡)
  • Zhangmao Township (张茅乡)
  • Wangjiahou Township (王家后乡)
  • Xiashi Township (硖石乡)
  • Xilicun Township (西李村乡)
  • Gongqian Township (宫前乡)
  • Dianzi Township (店子乡)

CultureEdit

Shanzhou is known for its Mahua fried dough snack and Guanyintang dried beef.[4][5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  2. ^ a b c "历史沿革 - 陕州区人民政府网站". www.shanzhou.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-05-10.
  3. ^ 济南市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  4. ^ "大营麻花 - 特色产品 - 陕州区人民政府网站". www.shanzhou.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-05-10.
  5. ^ "观音堂牛肉 - 特色产品 - 陕州区人民政府网站". www.shanzhou.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-05-10.

External linksEdit