Shandong Peninsula

The Shandong Peninsula or Jiaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in Shandong in eastern China, between the Bohai Sea to the north and the Yellow Sea to the south. The name refers to the east and Jiaozhou.[1]

Shandong Peninsula
Location-of-Shandong-Peninsula.png
Location of the Shandong Peninsula
Simplified Chinese山东半岛
Traditional Chinese山東半島
Jiaodong Peninsula
Simplified Chinese胶东半岛
Traditional Chinese膠東半島

GeographyEdit

 
Map which includes the Jiaodong Peninsula

The waters bordering the peninsula are Laizhou Bay to the northwest, which opens into the Bohai Sea to the north, which in turn passes through the Bohai Strait to the northeast into the Yellow Sea to the east and south. The peninsula's territory comprises three prefecture-level cities of Shandong: Qingdao in the southwest, Yantai in the north and centre, and Weihai at the eastern tip.

HistoryEdit

The Kiautschou Bay Leased Territory was a leased territory of the German Empire from 1898 to 1914 located around Jiaozhou Bay, where the village of Qingdao (Tsingtao) developed into a major seaport. Following Germany's defeat in the First World War and the resulting Treaty of Versailles, Germany lost Qingdao and its sphere of influence in Shandong. Instead of restoring Chinese sovereignty over the area, the treaty transferred the leased territory to the Empire of Japan. This resulted in popular dissatisfaction with the outcome, known as the Shandong Problem, and led to the May Fourth Movement. Eventually, Shandong was reverted to Chinese control in 1922 after mediation by the United States during the Washington Naval Conference. However, Japan retained economic influence in the area.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Shandong". ChinaCulture.org. Ministry of Culture. Archived from the original on 13 February 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.

Coordinates: 37°N 121°E / 37°N 121°E / 37; 121