Sextet for Horns and String Quartet (Beethoven)

The Sextet for Horns and String Quartet, Op. 81b, was written by composer Ludwig van Beethoven, probably around 1795, and published by Simrock Verlag in 1810. It is in the key of E major and is scored for two horns and a string quartet. It was probably modelled on the Horn Quintet in the same key by Mozart (K. 407) and like the earlier work it is written in a concertante style, with virtuosic writing for the two horns.[1][2][3]

Background Edit

Prior to the publication by Simrock in 1810, nothing is known about the circumstances of the piece's composition beyond the existence of a few sketches that confirm the work was composed in the mid 1790s.[4] The concertante nature of the piece, has led writers like John Henken to speculate that the piece may have been written for specific Bonn-based performers, and to express surprise that more is not known about the work's early history. [5]

Structure Edit

The piece consists of three movements:

  1. Allegro con brio (E major)
  2. Adagio (A major)
  3. Rondo: Allegro (E major)

The typical performance time is around 15 - 17 minutes.

References Edit

  1. ^ Holman 1992, pp. 4, 5
  2. ^ Watson 2012, p. 289
  3. ^ Cooper 2000, p. 64
  4. ^ Voss 2009, p. IV
  5. ^ Henken 2017
  • Anderson, Keith (1995). "Beethoven: Chamber Music for Horns, Winds and Strings" (CD). Naxos Records. 8.553090.
  • Cooper, Barry (2000). Beethoven. United States: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0191592706.
  • Henken, John (2017). "Program notes - Beethoven: Sextet in E-flat major, Op. 81b". Los Angeles Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra. Archived from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 2020-11-12.
  • Holman, Peter (1992). Beethoven:Septet in E-flat/Sextet in E-flat (PDF) (CD). Hyperion Records. CDH55189.
  • Humphries, John (2000). The Early Horn: A Practical Guide. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-63210-2.
  • Voss, Egon (2009). Beethoven: Sextet Opus 81b (PDF). G. Henle Verlag.
  • Watson, Angus (2012). Beethoven's Chamber Music in Context. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1-84383-716-9.

External links Edit