|Governor-general of Norway|
27 February 1841 – 17 June 1856
|Preceded by||Herman Wedel-Jarlsberg|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Norwegian Prime Minister in Stockholm|
10 July 1828 – 27 February 1841
|Monarch||Charles III John|
|Preceded by||Mathias Sommerhielm|
|Succeeded by||Frederik Due|
|Born||7 February 1777|
|Died||15 September 1856 (aged 79)|
Education and officesEdit
When Løvenskiold was nine years old, he was sent to Germany, where he received his formal education. After studies in Wandsbek near Hamburg, in Eutin, in Saxony and in Silesia, where he studied mining, he returned in 1794 at the age of 17 years. He earned a degree in law at the University of Copenhagen in 1796. After a few years of public service in Christiania, he assumed responsibility for some of the family’s holdings in 1802, at which time he was also made the King’s representative for his area.
After nine years as the Dano-Norwegian king’s representative, Severin Løvenskiold resigned this position in 1813, and in the following year, he was elected to the constitutional assembly at Eidsvoll. Løvenskiold was during the convention an enthusiastic member of the so-called ‘Union Party’, which advocated a union with Sweden, and he made notable efforts to retain the nobility in Norway. When noble titles and privileges in fact were abolished in a process starting with the Nobility Law of 1821, Løvenskiold went on record against the decision, finding it unjust and in violation with promises of eternal noble status in 1739 given from the king to his father, Severin Løvenskiold, the eldest.
His position against the dissolution of nobility is a good example of Løvenskiold’s position in many contemporary political issues. His conservatism, which sometimes could appear as reactionary, was reflected in his refusal of measures leading to a popular democracy, particularly so in 1836 when the laws on municipal democracy were sanctioned by the king—against Løvenskiold’s advice. He maintained that the peasants lacked the necessary level of education and political understanding to govern national affairs, a view the king in reality shared with him. However, King Charles III John accepted the municipal laws. Løvenskiold was very loyal to the King, and he was granted the position of prime minister in Stockholm for several years until he was appointed governor of Norway in 1841.
Despite his strongly conservative political views, Severin Løvenskiold was not without interest in progress in a more technical way. During the last years of his position, Norway established its first railroad, its first telegraphic lines, and a system of common postage and stamps. Several laws were established, helping the development of different types of industries in Norway. The honour for this goes mostly to Frederik Stang, but Løvenskiold must definitely have accepted and probably, at least to some extent, approved of this change. When Løvenskiold died in 1856, it was politically impossible to appoint a new governor. His anti-democratic attitude had left both him and the position isolated from most of the political establishment in Norway.
- Severin Løvenskiold (Stortingsaktivitet/Statsrådsaktivitet)
- Severin Løvenskiold (1777-1856) (Eidsvoll 1814)
- Løvenskiold, Severin (Eidsvollsmann)
- Severin Løvenskiold, Statsminister 1828 - 1841. Stattholder 1841 - 1856 (Norwegian Government Administration Services)
- Løvenskiold, Severin, 1777-1856 (Dansk biografisk Lexikon / X. Bind)
- Severin Løvenskiold (Den Store Danske)
- Tore Pryser: Severin Løvenskiold (Norsk biografisk leksikon)
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