The seven necessities (Chinese: 開門七件事 pinyin: kāimén qī jiàn shì) stem from the phrase "Firewood, rice, oil, salt, sauce, vinegar and tea are the seven necessities to begin a day". The items were known as early as the Song dynasty travel book, Dreams of the Former Capital.
|Literal meaning||open door 7 items-of-affairs: firewood, rice, oil, salt, sauce, vinegar, tea|
The Chinese phrase "seven necessities" literally means "開 open 門 door 七 seven 件事 items" when translated, which is an old Chinese saying. They include firewood (柴 chái), rice (米 mĭ), oil (油 yóu), salt (鹽 yán), sauce (醬 jiàng), vinegar (醋 cù), tea (茶 chá). The seven necessities were made popular in modern tea culture due to the fact the beverage was mentioned as one of the seven necessities of Chinese life.
- Huang, Xingzong (2000). Fermentations and Food Science. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 394.
- "Chinese Tea Culture, Tea Drinking Custom, Tea Tasting, Yum Cha". Travel China Guide. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
- Chinese Culture Institute
- "Notes on Chinese Culture- Food and Drinks (08) – Chinese Tea". dict.cn. Archived from the original on 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-01-09.