This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)
Senioritis is the decreased motivation toward studies displayed by students who are nearing the end of their high school, college, and graduate school careers, or the end of the school year in general. Senioritis is not a professional medical condition but a colloquial term (mainly used in the United States and Canada) that combines the word senior with the suffix -itis, which technically denotes inflammation but refers to a general illness in colloquial speech.
In more serious cases, where students allow their grades to drop significantly, to the point of even failing, universities may rescind offers of admission. Students who experience senioritis are often shocked, when colleges and universities inform them the summer preceding their fall semester that they can no longer attend the college due to failure in the academic rigor promised in the application process. Nonetheless, most colleges do not rescind, and even the most elite schools only revoke a very small number of students.
Senioritis in high school may cause incoming college freshmen not to be as adequately prepared for the rigor of college level studies, and may decrease their ability to gain entrance scholarships.
The time gap between college and university admissions, which are decided by March or April, and final exams, which usually aren't until early May (e.g. Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate classes), provides a challenge to seniors who are battling with senioritis. In addition, some advanced classes have tests, projects, and other major assignments relevant to the curriculum spread throughout the second semester, thereby ensuring that students remain busy with a constant stream of deadlines.
James Coleman, writer and Chairman of the President's Panel of Youth, urged changes in the high school curriculum to address the problem of senioritis. These concerns gave rise to the implementation of a "Senior Semester" in many high schools throughout the country, which allowed seniors to spend time outside of the school or attend seminars in their specific interests. In 1974, for example, McKeesport Area High School in Pennsylvania received a grant from the Richard King Mellon Foundation to establish a "Senior Semester" Program. The Evaluation Report for Senior Semester Program 1974-75 McKeesport Area Senior High School, McKeesport, Pennsylvania was produced by the Office of Measurement and Evaluation, University of Pittsburgh, July 1975. The Director's Report for Senior Semester Program 1974-75 by Dr. Lester F. Jipp can be found at ERIC ED 157 165.
The College Board, the National Youth Leadership Council, and other youth-serving organizations suggest that there are many ways schools can help young people make the most of their senior year instead of succumbing to the temptation to take it easy once graduation is assured. Giving young people opportunities to make their academic work more meaningful through service-learning, or other forms of experiential education, can increase students' academic aspirations.
- Schevitz, Tanya (October 10, 2006). "Colleges crack down on taking freshmen with 'senioritis'". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-06-09.
- Mathews, Jay (February 4, 2008). "In Praise of Senioritis". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Martin et al. "The Impact of Service-Learning on the Transitions to Adulthood", Growing to Greatness 2006 St. Paul: NYLC, page 19. Archived December 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
|Look up senioritis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|