Startup accelerator

(Redirected from Seed accelerator)

Startup accelerators, also known as seed accelerators, are fixed-term, cohort-based programs, that include mentorship and educational components and culminate in a public pitch event or demo day.[1] While traditional business incubators are often government-funded, generally take no equity, and rarely provide funding, accelerators can be either privately or publicly funded and cover a wide range of industries.[2] Unlike business incubators, the application process for seed accelerators is open to anyone but highly competitive.[3] There are specific accelerators, such as corporate accelerators, which are often subsidiaries or programs of larger corporations that act like seed accelerators.[4]

Distinctive qualities edit

The main differences between business incubators, startup studios,[5] and accelerators are:[3][6]

  1. The application process is open to anyone but highly competitive. For instance, Y Combinator and TechStars have application acceptance rates between 1% and 3%.
  2. Seed investment in startups may be made, in exchange for equity. Typically, the investment is between US$20,000 to US$50,000 in the US, or £10,000 to £50,000 in Europe.[3]
  3. The focus is generally on small teams, not on individual founders. Accelerators generally consider that one person is insufficient to handle all the work associated with a startup. However, a number of 'founder first' accelerators exist that focus on solo founders including Entrepreneur First, Antler, Oneday and Underdog Accelerator.[7]
  4. The startups must "graduate" by a given deadline, typically after 3 months. During this time, they receive intensive mentoring and training, and they are expected to iterate rapidly. Virtually all accelerators end their programs with a "demo day", where the startups present to investors.[8]
  5. Startups are accepted and supported in cohort batches or classes (the accelerator isn't an on-demand resource[9]). The peer support and feedback that the classes provide is an important advantage. If the accelerator doesn't offer a common workspace, the teams will meet periodically.

The primary value to the entrepreneur is derived from the mentoring, connections, and the recognition of being chosen to be a part of the accelerator. The business model is based on generating venture-style returns, not rent, or fees for services.

Seed accelerators do not necessarily need to include physical space, but many do. The process that startups go through in the accelerator can be separated into five distinct phases: awareness, application, program, demo day, and post demo day.[3]

Accelerators provide enough funding to get a company to demo day, from which point the startup is on its own.[10] Moreover, this is where accelerators distinguish themselves from incubators and venture builders. They focus with high engagement on the early stage of the startup.[11]

History edit

The first seed accelerator was Y Combinator, started in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 2005, and then later moved to Silicon Valley by Paul Graham.[3] It was followed by TechStars (in 2006), Seedcamp (in 2007), AngelPad (in 2010), Startupbootcamp (in 2010), Tech Wildcatters (in 2011), several accelerators of SOSV, Boomtown Boulder (in 2014) and Antler (in 2017).[12]

In Europe, the first accelerator program was started by Accelerace in 2009 in Denmark (strongly subsidised by the Danish government) followed shortly after by Startup Wise Guys in 2012 in Estonia.

With the growing popularity of seed accelerator programs in the US, Europe has seen an increase in accelerators to support a growing startup ecosystem.[13]

Forbes published an analysis of startup accelerators in April 2012.[14] Since 2010 there has been a substantial growth of Corporate Accelerator programs, which are sponsored by established organizations but follow similar principles.[15]

Impact edit

Whether or not accelerators increase the success of accelerated firms is not always clear. A number of studies have shown that accelerated cohorts perform better than non-accelerated firms, but this is potentially due to the selection effect of programmes (i.e. the accelerators might be good at 'picking winners' rather than creating them). However, studies using regression discontinuity design show that accelerators can indeed have impact over and above their selection effect, and may also have wider ecosystem spillovers (although this does not necessarily apply to every program).[16]

Accelerators Exits edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Cohen, Susan (2013). "What Do Accelerators Do? Insights from Incubators and Angels". Innovations. 8 (3–4): 19–25. doi:10.1162/inov_a_00184.
  2. ^ Bone, Jonathan; Allen, Olivia; Haley, Christopher (2017). "Business Incubators and Accelerators: the National Picture" (PDF). {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d e Lisa Barrehag; Alexander Fornell; Gustav Larsson; Viktor Mårdström; Victor Westergård; Samuel Wrackefeldt (May 2012). Accelerating Success: A Study of Seed Accelerators and Their Defining Characteristics. Gothenburg, Sweden: Chalmers University of Technology. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  4. ^ Crichton, Danny (August 25, 2014). "Corporate Accelerators Are An Oxymoron". Retrieved June 17, 2015.
  5. ^ Kronenberger, Craig (February 23, 2021). "What Startup Model is Right for You?". Medium. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  6. ^ Miller, Paul; Bound, Kirsten (June 2011). The Startup Factories - The rise of accelerator programmes to support new technology ventures (PDF). London, UK: NESTA. p. 3.
  7. ^ "Underdog Startup Accelerator | Expert Support to Launch Your Startup". Underdog Startup Accelerator | Expert Support to Launch Your Startup. Retrieved August 14, 2023.
  8. ^ Gilani, Aziz; Dettori, Gianluca (July 16, 2011). "Incubators in US and Europe - Speed and scale in capital formation". Kauffman Fellow Program. p. 21. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  9. ^ Christiansen, Jed. "Seed Accelerator Definition". Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  10. ^ Kronenberger, Craig (March 29, 2021). "What Startup Model is Right for You?". Medium. Retrieved May 7, 2021.
  11. ^ Schoofs, Daan (August 29, 2023). "Venture Building". Retrieved August 29, 2023.
  12. ^ Gilani, Aziz; Dettori, Gianluca (July 16, 2011). "Incubators in US and Europe - Speed and scale in capital formation". Kauffman Fellow Program. p. 4. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  13. ^ Johnson, Bobbie (July 18, 2011). "Are Europe's startup accelerators speeding out of control?". GigaOM.
  14. ^ Tomio, Geron (April 30, 2012). "Top Startup Incubators And Accelerators". Forbes. p. 1.
  15. ^ Heinemann, Florian (June 17, 2015). "Corporate Accelerator database".
  16. ^ Jonathan Bone; Juanita Gonzalez-Uribe; Christopher Haley; Henry Lahr (2019). THE IMPACT OF BUSINESS ACCELERATORS AND INCUBATORS IN THE UK (Report). BEIS.