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Second inauguration of Thomas Jefferson

The second inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as President of the United States took place on Monday, March 4, 1805 in the Senate Chamber of the United States Capitol. The inauguration marked the commencement of the second four-year term of Thomas Jefferson as President and the first four-year term of George Clinton as Vice President. Giving the oath of office was Chief Justice John Marshall.

Second Presidential Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson
DateMarch 4, 1805; 214 years ago (1805-03-04)
LocationUnited States Capitol,
Washington, D.C.
ParticipantsPresident of the United States, Thomas Jefferson
Assuming office
Chief Justice of the United States,
John Marshall
Administering oath
Vice President of the United States
George Clinton
Assuming office

BackgroundEdit

Unlike the contentious election of 1800, in which Jefferson narrowly defeated strong opposition from both Federalists and his own running mate, Aaron Burr, with the House of Representatives determining the winner, the 1804 election was far less dramatic. The Federalists, severely weakened, struggled to muster serious opposition and to select a candidate. They settled on Charles Cotesworth Pinckney of South Carolina. After Burr had conspired against Jefferson in the 1800 election, Jefferson pressured Burr in January 1804 to be replaced as Jefferson's vice-president by George Clinton.[1] Jefferson won the election in a landslide.

InaugurationEdit

Jefferson rode to the Capitol on horseback on March 4, 1805, but much of Congress had already left after the body had adjourned following Burr's farewell address before the Senate a couple days earlier. Thus the inaugural ceremony was modest and appeared anticlimactic. The president spoke softly and quietly, as he was known for, and provided copies of his inaugural address.[2] Jefferson wore a black suit and silk stockings for the inauguration.[3] In the speech, he addressed the recent acquisition of Louisiana, the Federalists' diminishing influence, and the need for freedom of the press, though he also criticized recent press attacks against him.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Boles, John (2017). Jefferson: Architect of American Liberty. New York, NY: Basic Books. p. 382.
  2. ^ Boles, John (2017). Jefferson: Architect of American Liberty. New York, NY: Basic Books. p. 386-387.
  3. ^ "The 5th Presidential Inauguration, Thomas Jefferson, March 04, 1805". Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies. Retrieved 2017-01-04.

External linksEdit

  1. ^ Currently a re-direct to the George Washington article
  2. ^ Currently a re-direct to the George Washington article