Sebastian Gryphius

Sebastian Gryphius (French: Sébastien Gryphe; c. 1492, in Reutlingen – 1556, in Lyon) was a German bookseller-printer and humanist.

The device of Sebastianus Gryphius in a 1532 book.


He was the son of Michael Greyff (Greif, Gryff, Gryph), and learned from him the new craft of printing, in Germany and then in Venice. Around 1520 he came to Lyon and settled there, on behalf of a Venetian firm of booksellers.

Initially Gryphius mostly published works on law and administration, in Gothic script. He then moved to Latin classics. He also translated classical Greek authors into Latin. He published his contemporaries Erasmus, Guillaume Budé and Poliziano.

In 1536 he went into business with Hugues de la Porte, who financed him in an independent venture. He founded l'Atelier du Griffon, with a griffin mark. Around this time he introduced the Italic type of Aldus Manutius.

In the 1540s he was the highly reputed 'Prince of the Lyon book trade'.[1] He promoted the local humanist culture, and his books were prized for their clean lay-out and accuracy. The nineteenth-century scholar Henri Baudrier spoke of Sebastian Gryphius's printshop (Atelier du Griffon) as a « société angélique pour les libres-penseurs ».[2]

His friends included André Alciat, Étienne Dolet, Guillaume Scève and Barthélémy Aneau, and they wrote highly of his work, even helping out in practical printing tasks. Their linguistic input was also of benefit to the works printed. Gryphius printed suspect texts and even sheltered authors in trouble for heretical writing. Étienne Dolet, an academic and satirical poet, came fresh from jail in Toulouse, and was burned as a heretic in 1546.[3]

From 1540, François Rabelais came to Gryphius to publish his translations of Hippocrates, Galen and Giovanni Mainardi.


His brother Franz (François) was a printer in the rue des Carmes in Paris from 1532. Another brother, Johann (Jean), remained in Venice, also as a printer.



  1. ^ Febvre, Lucien, and Martin, Henri-Jean. The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing, 1450-1800. London: Verso, 2010. Page 149.
  2. ^ Bats, Raphaëlle; Miachon, Coralie; Montlahuc, Marie-Laure & Schmauch-Bleny, Roseline (2006). Étude de la production éditoriale de Sébastien Gryphe sur deux années caractéristiques: 1538 et 1550. Mémoire de Recherche, DBC 15 (in French). École Nationale Supérieure des Sciences de l'Information et des Bibliothèques. p. 20.
  3. ^ Febvre. Pages 149-151, 312.

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