Scutiger (frog)

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Scutiger is a genus of toads in the family Megophryidae. Common name lazy toads has been coined for them. They occur in China, Burma, Nepal, and northern India in high-altitude habitats.[2] Most are endemic to China.[3]

Scutiger
Temporal range: Oligocene - Present[1]
Scutiger boulengeri from Bedriaga 1898.jpg
Scutiger boulengeri
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Megophryidae
Genus: Scutiger
Theobald, 1868
Type species
Bombinator sikimmensis
Blyth, 1855

EvolutionEdit

A 2017 molecular phylogenetic study found that Scutiger originated in Paleo-Tibet during the Oligocene.[1]

SpeciesEdit

The following species are recognised in the genus Scutiger:[2][4]

Endemic rangesEdit

Many Scutiger species are endemic to highly restricted geographical areas in the Eastern Himalayas. The ranges often overlap with those of Oreolalax species.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hofmann, Sylvia; Stöck, Matthias; Zheng, Yuchi; Ficetola, Francesco G.; Li, Jia-Tang; Scheidt, Ulrich; Schmidt, Joachim (12 June 2017). "Molecular Phylogenies indicate a Paleo-Tibetan Origin of Himalayan Lazy Toads ( Scutiger )". Scientific Reports. 7 (1): 3308. Bibcode:2017NatSR...7.3308H. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03395-4. PMC 5468327. PMID 28607415.
  2. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Scutiger Theobald, 1868". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 18 January 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b Jiang, Ke; Rao, Dingqi; Yuan, Siqi; Wang, Jishan; Li, Pipeng; Hou, Mian; Che, Maihe; Che, Jing (13 July 2012). "A new species of the genus Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from southeastern Tibet, China". Zootaxa. 3388 (1): 29–40. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3388.1.3.
  4. ^ "A New Species of Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from the Gaoligongshan Mountain Range, China". Novataxa. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Yang, Jian-Huan; Huang, Xiang-Yuan (18 January 2019). "A New Species of Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from the Gaoligongshan Mountain Range, China". Copeia. 107 (1): 10. doi:10.1643/CH-17-661.
  6. ^ Scutiger tengchongensis.

Further readingEdit