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Scribus /ˈskrbəs/ is a desktop publishing (DTP) application, released under the GNU General Public License as free software. It is based on the free Qt toolkit, with native versions available for Unix, Linux, BSD, macOS, Haiku, Microsoft Windows, OS/2 and eComStation operating systems.

Scribus
Scribus logo.svg
Scribus 1.4.6 under Linux Mint 18
Scribus 1.4.6 under Linux Mint 18
Developer(s) The Scribus Team
Initial release 26 June 2003; 14 years ago (2003-06-26)
Stable release
1.4.6[1] / 11 January 2016; 2 years ago (2016-01-11)
Preview release
1.5.3[2][3] / 22 May 2017; 10 months ago (2017-05-22)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Development status Active
Written in C++ (Qt)
Operating system Windows, Linux/UNIX, macOS, OS/2 Warp 4/eComStation, FreeBSD, PC-BSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, Solaris, OpenIndiana, GNU/Hurd, Haiku
Available in Multilingual
Type Desktop publishing
License GNU LGPL 2.1, MIT, 3-clause BSD, Public domain
Website scribus.net

Scribus is designed for layout, typesetting, and preparation of files for professional-quality image-setting equipment. It can also create animated and interactive PDF presentations and forms. Example uses include writing newspapers, brochures, newsletters, posters, and books.

Books about Scribus are available in several languages,[4] including an official manual for v1.3, published through FLES Books in 2009.[5]

Contents

General feature overviewEdit

Scribus supports most major bitmap formats, including TIFF, JPEG, and Adobe Photoshop. Vector drawings can be imported or directly opened for editing. The long list of supported formats includes Encapsulated PostScript, SVG, Adobe Illustrator, and Xfig. Professional type/image-setting features include CMYK colors and ICC color management. It has a built-in scripting engine using Python. It is available in more than 24 languages.

High-level printing is achieved using its own internal level 3 PostScript driver, including support for font embedding and sub-setting with TrueType, Type 1, and OpenType fonts. The internal driver supports full Level 2 PostScript constructs and a large subset of Level 3 constructs.

PDF support includes transparency, encryption, and a large set of the PDF 1.5 specification including layers (OCG), as well as PDF/X-3 and PDF/X-4 (since 1.5.1),[6] including interactive PDFs form fields, annotations, and bookmarks. [7][8]

The file format, called SLA, is based on XML. Text can be imported from OpenDocument (ODT) text documents, OpenOffice.org Writer, Microsoft Word, PDB, and HTML formats (although some limitations apply). ODT files can typically be imported along with their paragraph styles, which are then created in Scribus. HTML tags which modify text, such as bold and italic, are supported. Word and PDB documents are only imported as plain text. [9]

Initially, Scribus did not properly support complex script rendering and so could not be used with Unicode text for languages written in Arabic, Hebrew, Indic, and South East Asian writing systems, even though it supported Unicode character encoding.[10][11] In August 2012, it was announced that a third party had developed a system to support complex Indic scripts.[12][13][14] In May 2015 it was announced that the ScribusCTL project had started to improve complex layout by integrating the OpenType text-shaping engine HarfBuzz into the official Scribus 1.5.1svn branch.[15] In July 2016 it was announced that the text layout engine had been rewritten from scratch in preparation for support of complex scripts coming in Scribus 1.5.3 and later.[16] In December 2016 Scribus announced they got support for OpenType advanced feature in 1.5.3svn, as well as complex script and RTL direction.[17] In 22 May 2017, Scribus announced version 1.5.3 released.[3]

As of June 2016 Scribus stable release did not have OpenType alternative glyph support, so ligatures, for example, aren't inserted automatically.[18]

Next Version 1.5.4 will have a rebuild of the Palette system. QT 5.6 will be necessary for Compile process.[2]

The 1.6.0 as first stable version of 1.5.x is expected to provide a better table implementation and support for PDF/X-1a, PDF/X-4, and PDF/E. Footnotes, marginal notes, and ePub exporter are under development.[19][20]

Support for other programs and formatsEdit

Scribus cannot read or write the native file formats of other DTP programs such as QuarkXPress or InDesign; the developers consider that reverse engineering those file formats would be prohibitively complex and could risk legal action from the makers of those programs.[21] Support for importing Microsoft Publisher is incorporated into version 1.5,[22] and QuarkXPress Tag files, InDesign's IDML, as well as InCopy's ICML formats were added to the development branch.[23]

Due to licensing issues, the software package does not include support for the Pantone color matching system (PMS), which is included in some commercial DTP applications. Pantone colors can be obtained and incorporated within Scribus without licensing issues.[24] Scribus is shipped with more than 100 color palettes, most donated by various commercial color vendors, but also including scientific, national, and government color standards.

Version HistoryEdit

Legend:
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release
Version in Public available Mode Comment
Old version, no longer supported: 0.3 9. July 2001 Development 1st Public Development Release
Old version, no longer supported: 1.0 26. June 2003 stable 1st stable Release
Old version, no longer supported: 1.2.0 28. August 2004 stable 1st stable Release in 1.2.x.x-Series
Old version, no longer supported: 1.2.1 1. August 2005 stable Since Version 1.2.1 in Europe and North Amerika commerzial Support available .
Old version, no longer supported: 1.3.0 15. July 2005 Development 1st Version Running in Windows and Mac OS X
Old version, no longer supported: 1.3.3.5 10. November 2006 stable 1st stable Release in 1.3.x.x-Series
Old version, no longer supported: 1.3.3.7 9. January 2007 stable 1st Version Running OS/2
Old version, no longer supported: 1.3.3.8 15. March 2007 stable
Old version, no longer supported: 1.3.4 30. May 2007 Development Development of Version 1.3.4 was canceled instead of Qt-4-based Version 1.3.5, no stable Version in Public
Old version, no longer supported: 1.3.5 20. April 2009 Development Native Aqua-Version for Mac OS X, Qt-4-based
Old version, no longer supported: 1.3.3.14 28. January 2010 stable Last stable Release in 1.3.3.x-Series
Older version, yet still supported: 1.4.0 1. January 2012 stable new stable Series 1.4.x [25]
Older version, yet still supported: 1.4.2 14. January 2013 stable Hunspell Integrated , first 64-Bit-Version for Windows available
Older version, yet still supported: 1.4.3 31. July 2013 stable port for Haiku, Support for QR-Codes
Older version, yet still supported: 1.4.4 29. May 2014 stable PDF/X-1a-Export available
Older version, yet still supported: 1.4.5 30. January 2015 stable Improvements in Scripter[26]
Current stable version: 1.4.6 12. January 2016 stable Improvements in PDF-Export, support of SVG blend modes[27]
Future release: 1.4.7 2018? stable Bugfix [28]
Old version, no longer supported: 1.5.0 25. Mai 2015 Development Improved Document- and Graphics-Import,[29] New struktured GUI, Qt 5.2+
Old version, no longer supported: 1.5.1 14. February 2016[30] Development New Icons, CIE-LAB and CIE-HLC-support, RTF- and DOCX-Import
Old version, no longer supported: 1.5.2 17. May 2016[31] Development New Textlayout-System, support of Hi-DPI-Monitors, More than 300 commerzial color palettes im CIE-LAB-Format, Improved Options for Data Security, Qt 5.3+
Latest preview version of a future release: 1.5.3 22. May 2017[32] Development new Layout Engine with Support of 500 Languages, Qt 5.5+, Krita-Import-Filter
Future release: 1.5.4 2018?[33] Development new Color Palette System, Qt 5.6+, new flexible GUI
Future release: 1.5.5 2018?[34] Development Undo/Redo
Future release: 1.6.0 stable Stable complete 1.5.x, very improved and modern Version against 1.4.x[35]
Future release: 1.7.0 stable Color Exchange Format (CxF) and more [36]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.4.6_Release
  2. ^ a b https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.5.3_Release
  3. ^ a b https://www.scribus.net/scribus-1-5-3-released/
  4. ^ "Books about Scribus". Scribus wiki. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Scribus 1.3 Official Manual". FLES Books. 2009. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. 
  6. ^ "Scribus PDF/X-3 Overview". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  7. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.5.0_Release
  8. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.5.1_Release
  9. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/wiki/images/9/93/Scribus-specs-152.pdf
  10. ^ Scribus Metabug 3965: Support for non-latin languages
  11. ^ Scribus bug 1547: Support for Indic Scripts
  12. ^ DAKF (15 August 2012). "Indic Unicode support for Scribus is developed". scribus mailing list. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Complex Script Functionality". Scribus Wiki. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "0001547: Support for Indic Scripts". Mantis Issue Tracker for Scribus. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  15. ^ "ScribusCTL project started". Scribus News. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  16. ^ "1.5.2 Release". Scribus Wiki. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  17. ^ "New Text Layout Engine with Full OpenType Support". Scribus News. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  18. ^ Scribus bug #0001413. Retrieved 11 June 2016
  19. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.5.x_Roadmap
  20. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.6-new-features-and-fixes
  21. ^ Why Scribus doesn't support QuarkXPress and other major publishing applications, scribus.net
  22. ^ Scribus 1.5.0 Release Schedule, scribus.net
  23. ^ "Scribus Wiki tracker of file format support". 
  24. ^ "How to legally obtain spot colour palettes for use in Scribus 1.3.3.x and later versions"
  25. ^ http://www.depot1.dk/images/Scribus_Guide_UK.pdf
  26. ^ "1.4.5 Release". 2015-02-03. Retrieved 2016-02-14. 
  27. ^ "1.4.6 Release". 2016-01-12. Retrieved 2016-02-14. 
  28. ^ https://bugs.scribus.net/roadmap_page.php
  29. ^ "Scribus 1.5.0 Readme". 2015-05-23. Retrieved 2016-02-14. 
  30. ^ http://www.scribus.net/scribus-1-5-1-released/
  31. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.5.2_Release/
  32. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.5.3_Release
  33. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.5.3_Release
  34. ^ https://bugs.scribus.net/roadmap_page.php
  35. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.6-new-features-and-fixes
  36. ^ https://bugs.scribus.net/roadmap_page.php

External linksEdit

ArticlesEdit