ScotRail (British Rail)

The ScotRail trading name was adopted on 22 September 1983, under manager Chris Green, British Railways Scottish Region to provide a distinctive brand for the British Rail network in Scotland.[1]

ScotRail
BRScotRail.svg
47702 Scotrail livery.jpg
Class 47 in ScotRail livery at York station
in 1988
Overview
Franchise(s)Not subject to franchising
Main Region(s)Scotland
Parent companyBritish Rail
PredecessorRegional Railways
SuccessorScotRail (National Express)

ServicesEdit

ScotRail was responsible for all passenger services that operated wholly within Scotland. It also operated services across the English border to Carlisle, and from 5 March 1988, took over operation of the Caledonian Sleeper services to London Euston.[2] Services from south of the border via the East Coast and West Coast Main Lines remained the responsibility of InterCity.

InfrastructureEdit

The Ayrshire Coast Line was electrified in September 1986, as was the North Berwick Line in July 1991.

Rolling stockEdit

During its tenure, much of Scotland's locomotive hauled passenger carriage fleet was replaced by Class 150, Class 156 and Class 158 diesel multiple units. It also introduced cascaded Class 305s as well as new Class 318 and Class 320 electric multiple units.

Class Image Type Top speed Number Cars Built
mph km/h
Locomotive hauled stock
37   Diesel locomotive 90 145 N/A 1960–1965
47   75 121 At least 12 1962–1968
86   Electric locomotive 100–110 161–177 1965–1966
87   110 177 1973–1975
Mark 1   Passenger carriage 90–100 145–161 1951–1963
Mark 2   100 161 1963–1975
  DBSO At least 12 1979
Mark 3   Passenger carriage 125 200 1975–1988
Diesel multiple units
101   DMU 70 113 At least 12 2, 3 or 4 1956–1960
104   A few 1957–1959
107   26 3 1960
116   14 2 or 3 1957–1961
150 Sprinter   75 121 18 2 1986–1987
156 Super Sprinter   About 49 1987–1989
158 Express Sprinter   90 145 46 1989–1992
Electric multiple units
303   EMU 75 121 90 3 1959–1961
305   19 3 or 4 1959
311   19 3 1967
314   70 113 16 1979
318   90 145 21 1985–1986
320   75 121 22 1990

LiveriesEdit

When formed in 1983, customised versions of the existing British Rail liveries were adopted, with passenger locomotives and coaching stock painted in a lightly modified version of the InterCity Executive livery. The red stripe was replaced with a saltire blue stripe, and the InterCity name was replaced with the ScotRail name. Most locomotives carried the standard InterCity Executive livery but with ScotRail branding. Diesel and Electric multiple units carried normal versions of the Regional Railways livery. In the SPT area, rolling stock was painted in Strathclyde Orange and Black.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stewart, Valerie & Chadwick, Vivian (1987). Changing Trains: messages for management from the ScotRail challenge. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8870-3.
  2. ^ "Inverness depot to remain open" The Railway Magazine issue 1128 April 1995 page 31

Further readingEdit

  • Perren, Brian; Noble, Tom; Brown, Murray (June 1988). "Focus on ScotRail". RAIL. No. 81. EMAP National Publications. Supplement. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.
Preceded by Operator of Scotland
passenger services

1983–1997
Succeeded by