Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn

Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn was a county of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, comprising the lands of the region of Sayn. It was created as a partition of Sayn-Wittgenstein in 1607, although it was not until the next year that it obtained fully the Countship of Sayn. The succession was never clear, leading to the annexation of the county in 1623 by the Archbishop of Cologne. It was not until a treaty in 1648 (at the end of the Thirty Years' War) that it was decided the county would pass to the sisters Ernestine and Johanette of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn, under the regency of their mother Louise Juliane von Erbach (1603–1670). They partitioned the county into Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen and Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg soon after.[1]

County of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn

Grafschaft Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalSayn (in German)
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Partitioned from Sayn-Wittgenstein
1607
• Annexed by Archbishop of Cologne
 
1623
• Succession resolved: partitioned in twain
1648
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Image missing Sayn-Wittgenstein
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen Image missing
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg Image missing
The old and the new castle at Sayn

Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn, First CreationEdit

  • William III (ruled from 1607–1623), third son of Count Ludwig von Sayn-Wittgenstein; married Anna Elisabeth von Sayn, the niece and heiress of Henry IV, Count of Sayn-Sayn.

Counts of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn, Second CreationEdit

Count William III's sons from his second marriage with Anna Ottilie of Nassau-Weilburg became Counts of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn. The branch became extinct in 1846 with the death of Count Gustaf zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn.

Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-SaynEdit

 
Coat of arms used by the Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn

Count Ludwig Franz II of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg-Ludwigsburg (1694–1750) founded a branch which in 1834[2] became Prussian princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg-Ludwigsburg and in 1861 princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn. The present head of this branch is Alexander, Prince zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 1943), the 7th prince.[3]

Line of successionEdit

  • Ludwig Franz II, 1st Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg-Ludwigsburg (1694–1750)
    • Christian Ludwig Casimir, 2nd Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg-Ludwigsburg (1725–1797)
      • Ludwig Adolf Peter, 1st Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg-Ludwigsburg (Prussia) 1834 (1769–1843)[2]
        • Ludwig Adolf Friedrich, succeeded to Prussian titles 1843, 1st Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn 1861–1866 (1799–1866)
          • Peter, succeeded to Prussian titles 1866 (1831–1887)
          • Friedrich, succeeded younger brother Ludwig as 3rd Prince 1876–1879, resigned in favor of younger brother Alexander, succeeded older brother in Prussian titles 1887 (1836–1909)
            • his descendants hold various Prussian and Russian titles
          • Ludwig, 2nd Prince 1866–1876 (1843–1876)
          • Alexander, 4th Prince 1879–1883, resigned in favor of his son (1847–1940)
            • Stanislaus, 5th Prince 1883–1958 (1872–1958)
            • Prince Gustav Alexander of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (1880–1953)
              • Ludwig Stanislaus, 6th Prince 1953–1962 (1915–1962)
                • Alexander, 7th Prince 1962–present (born 1943)
                  • Heinrich, Hereditary Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 1971)
                    • Prince Ludovico of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 2006)
                  • Prince Casimir of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 1976)
                    • Prince Alexander of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 2002)
                    • Prince Johann of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 2020)
                  • Prince Ludwig of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 1982)
                  • Prince Peter of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 1992)
                • Prince Peter of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 1954)
                  • Prince Constantin of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (born 1994)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Counties Sayn-Hachenburg and Sayn-Altenkirchen
  2. ^ a b   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wittgenstein, Ludwig Adolf Peter, Count". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "sponheim/sponh18.html". genealogy.euweb.cz.[self-published source][better source needed]

External linksEdit