Sawsan Ali Sharifi

Sawsan Ali Majid Al-Sharifi (Arabic: سوسن علي ماجد الشريفي) (b. 1956) was made the Minister of Agriculture in Iyad Allawi's Iraqi Interim Government in 2004.

BiographyEdit

Sawsan Ali Sharifi was born in Baghdad in 1955. After completing her Bachelor of Science (1977) in Animal production from the University of Baghdad. She moved to the United States to pursue studying at Iowa State University (ISU) and earned a Master's degree in 1981 in Animal Science,[1] and earned a PhD. in 1983.[1][2]

After her return to Iraq, Sharifi was appointed on the Scientific Research Council in 1984. Six years later, she was promoted to the post of major researcher. More than 40 of her research papers were published in Iraqi Journal of Agriculture and she edited the publication for several years.[3]

Sharifi also served on the State Board of Agricultural Research. When the Food and Agriculture Organization conducted a research on Iraqi buffaloes, she was made its national co-ordinator. Following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Sharifi was made deputy minister of Agriculture in the Coalition Provisional Authority.[4] She was promoted to the cabinet minister post in Iraqi Interim Government (June 2004) under Iyad Allawi.[5] The following year, she secured a seat in Iraqi List and was elected to the Transition National Assembly and served on its Committee for Agriculture.[2]

To aid the takeover of genetically engineered plants being sold en mass to Iraqi farmers, who then had to pay large sums of money for the pesticides and fertilizers and taxes on the yield, Sharifi came out in support of government aid: "We need Iraqi farmers to be competitive, so we decided to subsidize inputs like pesticides, fertilizers, improved seeds and so on. We cut down on the other subsidies, but we have to become competitive."[6]

In July 2017, Commission on Public Integrity sentenced Sharifi to seven-year imprisonment for corruption. She had signed a contract between her ministry and a private firm for supplying portable excavators. The commission in its inquiry, found that the amount approved was beyond the limit prescribed for ministers. Orders were issued for seizure of her property.[7] Later, the sentence was reduced to five years.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Distinguished Alumni". Iowa State University (ISU), Office of Admissions. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
  2. ^ a b Dougherty, Beth K.; Ghareeb, Edmund A. (2013). Historical Dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. p. 563. ISBN 978-0-8108-7942-3.
  3. ^ Publitec Publications, ed. (2007). Who's Who in the Arab World 2007-2008. Walter de Gruyter. p. 76. ISBN 978-3-11-093004-7.
  4. ^ "The Coalition Provisional Authority: Fact Sheet on Deputy Ministers". University of North Texas Libraries. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  5. ^ Talmon, Stefan (2013). The Occupation of Iraq: Volume 2: The Official Documents of the Coalition Provisional Authority and the Iraqi Governing Council. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-78225-017-3.
  6. ^ Doran, Christopher (2012). Making the World Safe for Capitalism: How Iraq Threatened the US Economic Empire and had to be Destroyed. Pluto Press. p. 229. ISBN 9780745332222. JSTOR j.ctt183p5cm.
  7. ^ "السجن سبع سنوات بحق وزيرة الزراعة الأسبق" [Seven years imprisonment for former Minister of Agriculture] (in Arabic). Al Sumaria. 30 July 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Push to hunt corrupt officials uproots grave phenomenon in Iraq". The Baghdad Post. 13 September 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2017.