Sauropareion

  (Redirected from Sauropareion anoplus)

Sauropareion (meaning "lizard cheek") is an extinct genus of basal procolophonid[1] parareptile from earliest Triassic (early Induan stage) deposits of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. It is known from the holotype SAM PK-11192, skull and partial postcranium. It was collected by the late L. D. Boonstra in 1935 from Barendskraal in the Middelburg District and referred to the Lystrosaurus Assemblage Zone of the Beaufort Group (Karoo Basin). It was first named by Sean P. Modesto, Hans-Dieter Sues and Ross J. Damiani in 2001 and the type species is Sauropareion anoplus. The generic name means "lizard", sauros, and "cheek", pareion from Greek in reference to the lizard-like appearance of the temporal region. The specific name comes from the Greek word anoplos, meaning "without arms or armour".[2]

Sauropareion
Temporal range: Early Triassic, Induan
Sauropareion skeleton NMQR 3602.png
Sauropareion skeleton NMQR 3602
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Parareptilia
Order: Procolophonomorpha
Family: Procolophonidae
Genus: Sauropareion
Modesto, Sues & Damiani, 2001
Species
  • S. anoplus Modesto, Sues & Damiani, 2001 (type)
The mostly complete specimen NMQR 3556

PhylogenyEdit

Cladogram after Cisneros, 2008:[1]

Procolophonidae

Coletta

Pintosaurus

Sauropareion

Phaanthosaurus

Theledectinae

"Eumetabolodon" dongshengensis

Theledectes

Tichvinskia

Procolophoninae

Leptopleuroninae

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Juan Carlos Cisneros (2008). "Phylogenetic relationships of procolophonid parareptiles with remarks on their geological record". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 6 (3): 345–366. doi:10.1017/S1477201907002350. S2CID 84468714.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Sean P. Modesto, Hans-Dieter Sues and Ross J. Damiani (2001). "A new Triassic procolophonoid reptile and its implications for procolophonoid survivorship during the Permo-Triassic extinction event". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 268 (1480): 2047–2052. doi:10.1098/rspb.2001.1766. PMC 1088847. PMID 11571052.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)