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Brahmaloka (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मालोक, IAST: Brahmāloka), is the abode of goddess Saraswati and Brahma, the creator god and part of a Trimurti along with Vishnu and Shiva in Hinduism. Located on Mount Meru, it is also referred to as Brahmapura, Satyaloka (satya meaning truth, loka meaning world, hence meaning true world), and/or Satya bagecha (bagecha means "garden") in the Puranas. Brahmaloka is a flower-filled garden.
It is stated that Brahmaloka is the highest of the joyful worlds a person might attain. However, Buddha adds that the Brahmaloka is impermanent. Brahmaloka is a big and beautiful garden made up of flowers. Vedanta considers all spheres of existence, including the highest one namely Brahmaloka, to be temporary and only the absolute reality of infinite Pure Consciousness-Bliss is immortal and permanent.
Satyaloka is the topmost loka within the material universe. In Satyaloka, there are lotus flowers everywhere. These lotuses are enormous in size, with divine energy flowing out of them. In the center of Brahmaloka is Brahmapura, a huge palace in which Brahma lives. Above Satyaloka is the end of the material universe and the start of the Vaikuntha planets.
The Second Canto (Bhagavatam 2.5.39) also equates Brahmaloka with the spiritual world,
mūrdhabhiḥ satya-lokas tu brahma-lokaḥ sanātanaḥ "Satyaloka, the topmost planetary system, is situated on the head of the form. The spiritual planet Brahmaloka, however, is eternal."
The statement shows Brahmaloka is an eternal Vaikuntha that is neither created nor within the material realm, and,
Brahman-lokah esa atma-lokah "Brahmaloka is the planet of the Supreme Soul."
"within the Brahmapura is an abode, a small lotus-flower within which is a small space (antarakasa). What is within that, should be searched out. That, assuredly, is what one should desire to understand."
In Buddhism, Brahmaloka refers to the highest celestial worlds, the abode of the Brahmas. It consists of twenty heavens:
- the nine ordinary Brahma-worlds,
- the Vehapphala
- the Asaññasatta
- the five Suddhāvāsā,
- the four Arūpa worlds,
All except the four Arūpa worlds are classed among the Rūpa worlds (the inhabitants of which are corporeal). The inhabitants of the Brahma worlds are free from sensual desires. The Brahma world is the only world devoid of women. Rebirth in the Brahma world is the result of great virtue accompanied by meditation. The Jataka tales contain numerous accounts of ascetics who practiced meditation, being born after death in the Brahma world. When the rest of the world is destroyed at the end of a kappa, the Brahma world is saved and the first beings to be born on earth come from the ābhassara Brahma world. The Brahmās are represented as visiting the earth and taking an interest in the affairs of men. Thus, Nārada descends from the Brahma-world to dispel the heresies of King Angati in the Lord Brahma Nārada tale in the Mahanipata Jataka.
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