Satsuma may refer to:
- Satsuma, Kagoshima, a Japanese town
- Satsuma District, Kagoshima, a district in Kagoshima Prefecture
- Satsuma Domain, a southern Japanese feudal domain led by the Shimazu clan comprising Satsuma Province, Ōsumi Province, and parts of Hyuga Province on the Kyushu island, as well as parts of Ryukyu Islands.
- Satsuma Peninsula, a peninsula in Kagoshima Prefecture
- Satsuma Province, a former province which is now the western half of Kagoshima Prefecture
- Japanese battleship Satsuma, a battleship of the Imperial Japanese Navy