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Satipo Province (Spanish: Provincia de Satipo) is the largest and easternmost province in the Junín Region, located in the central Amazon rainforest of Peru. Its capital is the town of Satipo.

Satipo Province
Aerial of Satipo City
Aerial of Satipo City
Coat of arms of Satipo Province
Coat of arms
Location of Satipo Province in the Junín Region
Location of Satipo Province in the Junín Region
CountryPeru
RegionJunín
FoundedMarch 26, 1965
CapitalSatipo
Government
 • MayorOlivera Meza
(2019-2022)
Area
 • Total19,219.48 km2 (7,420.68 sq mi)
Population
 • Total203,985
 • Density11/km2 (27/sq mi)

Contents

GalleryEdit

BoundariesEdit

The Satipo Province borders the provinces of Huancayo, Concepción, Jauja and Chanchamayo on the west; Pasco Region's Oxapampa Province on the north; Atalaya Province in the Ucayali Region on the northwest; and Cusco Region's La Convención Province on the east and southeast. The Mantaro River marks the province's border with Ayacucho Region's Huanta Province on the south and Huancavelica Region's Tayacaja Province on the southwest.

HistoryEdit

The first inhabitants of present-day Satipo Province were the Asháninkas, Piros, Amuishas, Nomatsiguengas, Simirinches, Amewakas, Cakintis, among others. They left a legacy of petroglyphs which are believed to be from more than 3500 years ago. Ceramics, stone and golden axes, as well as many constructions show that the area was also inhabited by the Incas. Many battles were fought between the Incas and the other natives, whose extensive knowledge of the jungle helped them win.

The first Europeans arrived in the province's territory in 1673, when the Franciscans founded Santa Cruz, their first settlement in the area.

Many Indian uprisings happened during the 18th century.

President Manuel Prado created the Satipo District as part of the Jauja Province on September 18, 1940.

On November 1, 1947, a strong earthquake destroyed the city, causing entire settlements to disappear. Satipo could not be reached by land and remained isolated until 1960.

The district of Satipo was elevated to the provincial status by President Fernando Belaúnde Terry on March 26, 1965.

During the late 1980s, the province was hit hard by terrorism and caused a massive exodus from the province. Many persons were killed by terrorists, including Mayor of Satipo Fidel Juarez Torres.

Political divisionEdit

The province is divided into eight districts (Spanish: distritos, singular: distrito), each of which is headed by a mayor (alcalde). The districts, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit