Aerial of Satipo City
Location of Satipo Province in the Junín Region
|Founded||March 26, 1965|
|• Mayor||Olivera Meza |
|• Total||19,219.48 km2 (7,420.68 sq mi)|
|• Density||11/km2 (27/sq mi)|
The Satipo Province borders the provinces of Huancayo, Concepción, Jauja and Chanchamayo on the west; Pasco Region's Oxapampa Province on the north; Atalaya Province in the Ucayali Region on the northwest; and Cusco Region's La Convención Province on the east and southeast. The Mantaro River marks the province's border with Ayacucho Region's Huanta Province on the south and Huancavelica Region's Tayacaja Province on the southwest.
The first inhabitants of present-day Satipo Province were the Asháninkas, Piros, Amuishas, Nomatsiguengas, Simirinches, Amewakas, Cakintis, among others. They left a legacy of petroglyphs which are believed to be from more than 3500 years ago. Ceramics, stone and golden axes, as well as many constructions show that the area was also inhabited by the Incas. Many battles were fought between the Incas and the other natives, whose extensive knowledge of the jungle helped them win.
Many Indian uprisings happened during the 18th century.
The district of Satipo was elevated to the provincial status by President Fernando Belaúnde Terry on March 26, 1965.
During the late 1980s, the province was hit hard by terrorism and caused a massive exodus from the province. Many persons were killed by terrorists, including Mayor of Satipo Fidel Juarez Torres.