Open main menu

Sartidia is a genus of Southern African and Madagascan plants in the grass family. It was split from Aristida in 1963 by South African botanist Bernard de Winter[1] and contains six known species, of which Sartidia perrieri is considered extinct.[2] Their natural habitats are warm, semi-arid savanna and dry forest at altitudes of 800–2,000 m (2,600–6,600 ft) where rainfall ranges from 250 to 1,500 mm per year.[2] They are perennial grasses with inflorescence in a panicle.[3]

Sartidia
Sartidia perrieri type MNHN-P-P00446293.jpg
only known specimen of Sartidia perrieri
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Aristidoideae
Tribe: Aristideae
Genus: Sartidia
De Winter
Type species
Sartidia angolensis
(C.E.Hubb.) De Winter[1]
Species

Six species, see text

Other than most species in subfamily Aristidoideae, Sartidia species use the ancestral C3 photosynthetic pathway. Phylogenetic analyses suggest that Sartidia is the sister genus of Stipagrostis, an important C4 genus from Africa and Southwest Asia.[4]

Species[2][5]
  1. Sartidia angolensis (C.E.Hubb.) De WinterAngola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia
  2. Sartidia dewinteri Munday & FishMpumalanga (South Africa), Swaziland
  3. Sartidia isaloensis Voronts., Razanatsoa & Besnard – Madagascar
  4. Sartidia jucunda (Schweick.) De WinterLimpopo (South Africa)
  5. Sartidia perrieri (A.Camus) Bourreil – Madagascar (extinct)
  6. Sartidia vanderystii (De Wild.) De WinterDemocratic Republic of the Congo

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b De Winter, B. (1963). "Notes on the genus Aristida". Kirkia. 3: 132–137. JSTOR 23500816. 
  2. ^ a b c Vorontsova, M.S.; Haevermans, T.; Haevermans, A.; Razanatsoa, J.; Lundgren, M.R.; Besnard, G. (2015). "The Genus Sartidia (Poaceae: Aristidoideae) in Madagascar". Systematic Botany. 40 (2): 448–453. doi:10.1600/036364415X688367. ISSN 0363-6445. 
  3. ^ RBG Kew: GrassBase - Sartidia description
  4. ^ Besnard, G.; Christin, P.-A.; Malé, P.-J.G.; Lhuillier, E.; Lauzeral, C.; Coissac, E.; Vorontsova, M.S. (2014). "From museums to genomics: old herbarium specimens shed light on a C3 to C4 transition". Journal of Experimental Botany. 65 (22): 6711–6721. doi:10.1093/jxb/eru395. ISSN 0022-0957.   
  5. ^ Tropicos – Sartidia De Winter

External linksEdit