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Saroo Brierley (born 1981) is an Indian-born Australian businessman who, at age five, was accidentally separated from his biological mother. He was adopted by an Australian couple and, 25 years later, reunited with his biological mother. His story generated significant international media attention, especially in Australia and India.

Saroo Brierley
Born Sheru Munshi Khan
1981 (age 35–36)
Ganesh Talai, Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh, India
Residence Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Nationality Indian and Australian
Occupation Businessman
Notable work A Long Way Home

An autobiographical account of his experiences, A Long Way Home, was published in 2013 in Australia, released internationally in 2014, and adapted into the 2016 film Lion, starring Dev Patel as Saroo and Nicole Kidman as his adoptive mother, Sue Brierley.

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Saroo Brierley was born Sheru Munshi Khan[1] in Ganesh Talai, a suburb within Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh. When he was young, his father left his mother, throwing the family into poverty. His mother worked in construction to support herself and her children but often did not make enough money to feed them all, and could not afford to send them to school. At age five, Saroo and his older brothers, Guddu and Kallu, began begging at the railway station for food and money. Guddu sometimes obtained work sweeping the floors of train carriages.[2][3] One evening, Guddu said he was going to ride the train from Khandwa to the city of Burhanpur, 70 kilometres (43 mi) to the south. Saroo asked his older brother if he could go, too. Guddu reluctantly agreed. By the time the train reached Burhanpur, Saroo was so tired he collapsed onto a seat on the platform. Guddu told his little brother to wait and promised to be back shortly. Guddu did not return, and Saroo eventually became impatient. He noticed a train parked in the station and, thinking his brother was on it, boarded an empty carriage. He found there were no doors to the adjoining carriages. Hoping his brother would come for him, he fell asleep. When he awoke, the train was travelling across unfamiliar country. Occasionally the train stopped at small stations, but Saroo was unable to open the door to escape. Saroo's rail journey eventually ended at the huge Howrah railway station in Calcutta (now known as Kolkata), and he fled when someone opened the door to his carriage. Saroo did not know it at the time, but he was nearly 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) from his hometown.[2][3]

Saroo attempted to return home by boarding different trains, but they proved to be suburban trains and each one eventually took him back to Howrah railway station. For a week or two, he lived on and around Howrah railway station. He survived by scavenging scraps of food in the street and sleeping underneath the station's seats. Eventually, he ventured out into the city; and, after days of homelessness on Calcutta's streets, he was found by a railway worker who took him in and gave him food and shelter. But Saroo fled when the railway worker showed Saroo to a friend and Saroo sensed that something was not right. The two men chased after him, but he managed to escape.[2][3]

Saroo eventually met a teenager who took him to a police station and reported that he might be a lost child. The police took Saroo to a government centre for abandoned children. Weeks later, he was moved to the Indian Society for Sponsorship and Adoption. The staff there attempted to locate his family. But Saroo did not know enough for them to sufficiently trace his hometown, and he was officially declared a lost child. He was subsequently adopted by the Brierley family of Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.[2]

In the meantime, his mother, Kamla Munshi, searched for her two sons. A few weeks after her sons failed to return home, police informed her that Guddu's body had been found near the railway tracks, having been killed by an oncoming train (while Saroo was sleeping on the platform) a kilometre (0.6 mi) from Burhanpur station.[3] She then confined her energy to looking for Saroo, travelling to different places on trains. She visited a mosque every week to pray for his return.[2]

Search for his familyEdit

Saroo grew up in Hobart in an Australian family. His Australian parents adopted another Indian boy, Mantosh. Saroo learned English and soon forgot Hindi.

He studied business and hospitality at the Australian International Hotel School in Canberra.[2] As an adult, he spent many hours over many months conducting searches using the satellite images on Google Earth, painstakingly following railway lines radiating out from Howrah railway station. He relied on his vague memories of the main features around Burhanpur railway station, although he knew little of the name of the station except that it began with the letter B.[3] Late one night in 2011, he came upon a small railway station that closely matched his childhood recollection of where he had become trapped in an empty carriage; the name of this station was Burhanpur, very close to a phonetic spelling of the name he remembered from his childhood ordeal. He followed the satellite images of the railway line north and found the town of Khandwa. He had no recollection of that name, but the town contained recognizable features, such as a fountain near the train tracks where he used to play. He was able to trace a path through the streets to what appeared to be the place where he and his family used to live.[2][3]

Following up on a lead, Saroo contacted a Facebook group based in Khandwa. The Facebook group reinforced his belief that Khandwa might be his hometown.[2]

In 2012, Saroo travelled to Khandwa in India and asked residents if they knew of any family that had lost their son 25 years ago. He showed photographs of himself as a child in Hobart. Local people soon led him to his mother. He was also reunited with his sister, Shekila, and his surviving brother, Kallu, who were now a schoolteacher and factory manager, respectively. With Saroo and Guddu gone, their mother had been able to afford to send the other two to school. The reunion was extensively covered by Indian and international media.[2][3]

Current situationEdit

Saroo continues to live in Hobart. He and his Indian family are now able to communicate regularly, taking advantage of a computer at the home of one of Kallu's neighbours. He bought his mother a house, so she no longer has to work.[2][4]

Saroo has returned to India and visited his biological family over a dozen times.[4] He also travelled first class on the Kolkata Mail, a train service from Mumbai to Kolkata, to re-trace his journey of a quarter century earlier.[2]

In 2013 Saroo published his book, A Long Way Home (Penguin Australia), describing his ordeal as a lost five-year-old, his adoption by an Australian family, and his search for his Indian family.[2]

A 2016 film based on his life, Lion, directed by Garth Davis and starring Dev Patel, Nicole Kidman and Rooney Mara, premiered to rave reviews and "Oscar buzz" at the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival,[5][6][7][8][9] though it ultimately did not win an Oscar in any of the six categories for which it was nominated. Saroo was portrayed in the film by Patel, who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, and newcomer Sunny Pawar.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Aroral, Chandna (February 15, 2017). "Saroo Brierley: I lived in a multicultural atmosphere, but never faced racism in Australia". BBC. Retrieved April 24, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Brierley, Saroo (2013) A Long Way Home. Viking. Melbourne, Australia. ISBN 9780670077045
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Banerji, Robin (April 14, 2012). "Little boy lost finds his mother using Google Earth". BBC. Retrieved April 24, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Loinaz, Alexis L. (December 8, 2016). "The True Story Behind Lion: How Lost Child Saroo Brierley Found His Birth Mother More Than 20 Years Later". People. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Saroo Brierley on set to see his life story take shape". The Mercury. January 31, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  6. ^ Busis, Hillary. "Dev Patel's Lion May Be the Inspirational Awards-Season Tale You're Looking For". Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  7. ^ "TIFF 2016: Garth Davis' 'Lion' with Dev Patel is an Emotional Journey". Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Lion". September 13, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  9. ^ "'Arrival,' 'La La Land,' 'Moonlight' and more: How the Toronto Film Festival movies will play with Oscar voters". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 

External linksEdit