Sarduri I (Armenian: Սարդուրի Ա, ruled: 834 BC – 828 BC), also known as Sarduris, Sedur, and Asiduri, was a king of Urartu in Armenian Highlands. He was known as Ishtarduri to the Assyrians.

Sarduri I
King of Urartu
Reignc. 834–828 BC
PredecessorArame or Lutipri
SuccessorIshpuini
IssueIshpuini
FatherLutipri

It is unclear whether Sarduri's father, Lutipri, was a king of Urartu. It is possible that Lutipri was not a king and that Sarduri established a new dynasty.[1]

Sarduri I is most known for moving the capital of the Urartu kingdom to Tushpa (Van). This proved to be significant as Tushpa became the focal point of politics in the Near East. He was succeeded by his son, Ishpuini of Urartu, who then expanded the kingdom.[2]

The title Sarduri used was 'King of the Four Quarters'.[3]

It has been suggested that the name Sarduri comes from Sardi dur, meaning "given by Sardi." Sardi was the Urartian equivalent of Ishtar, and the name Sarduri was written as "Ishtarduri" in Assyrian sources. The duri suffix would be a form of Armenian tur (տուր), meaning "given by," comparable to Greek dôron (δῶρον), meaning "gift."[4]

The name Sarduri has also been connected to the Armenian name Zardur ("star-given").

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Urartian Material Culture As State Assemblage: An Anomaly in the Archaeology of Empire, Paul Zimansky, Page 103 of 103-115
  2. ^ Boris Piotrovsky, The Ancient Civilization of Urartu (London: 1969)
  3. ^ John Noonan, Van! at saudiaramcoworld.com
  4. ^ Armen Petrosyan. "On the ethnic origin of the ruling elite of Urartu." Archaeopress Archaeology. 2019. p. 406.