Sardarapat (Armenian: Սարդարապատ), is a major village in the Armavir province of Armenia. The settlement was originally known as Sardarapat until 1935 when it was renamed Hoktember (October) in memory of the 1917 October Revolution.
Holy Mother of God Church in Sardarapat
The name Sardarapat is derived from the major Persian fortress of Sardari Berd, built around 1810 by the last Persian Qajar governor of the Erivan Khanate; Sardar Hosein Qoli Khan Qajar, with British technical assistance using stones taken from the ruins of ancient Armavir. Many of the stones are still bearing traces of cuneiform inscriptions.
The town was set as administrative centre for the Sardarapat district and summer residence of the Khan of Erivan. The Sardar's fortress was taken by the Russians under General Paskevich in 1828, despite stout defense by Sardar Hasan Khan.
Currently, almost no trace of the fortress is left.
- World Gazetteer: Armenia – World-Gazetteer.com
- Sardarapat, Armenia at GEOnet Names Server
- Brady Kiesling, Rediscovering Armenia, p. 37; original archived at Archive.org, and current version online on Armeniapedia.org.
- Report of the results of the 2001 Armenian Census, National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia