The Sarayu is a river that originates in Uttarakhand and flows through Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh in India. It is a tributary of the Sharda River and joins the Ghaghra river after Ayodhya. This river is revered as the death place of Sri Rama.

Bageshwar view 01.jpg
Sarayu river at Bageshwar, Uttarakhand
Country India
Physical characteristics
 • locationIndian Himalayas
 • elevation4,150 m (13,620 ft)
 • location
Tributary of Sharda River
Length350 km (220 mi)


The Sarayu rises at Sarmul (or Sarmool), which is located in the extreme north of the district Bageshwar of Uttarakhand on the southern slope of a ridge of the Nanda Kot. It flows through the Kumaon Himalayas, passes by the towns of Kapkot, Bageshwar and Seraghat before flowing into the Sharda River at Pancheshwar.[1]


The name is the feminine derivative of the Sanskrit root सर् sar "to flow"; as a masculine stem, saráyu- means "air, wind", i.e. "that which is streaming".


In the epic Ramayana, Sri Rama along with the residents of Ayodhya died inside this river and became deities in heaven afterwards.[2]

In fictionEdit

Sarayu is also the name of the river that flows by the fictional town of Malgudi created by the Indian writer R. K. Narayan.

Sarayu is the name given to the personification of the Holy Spirit in "The Shack" created by American Novelist William P. Young.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Negi, S. S. (1991). Himalayan Rivers, Lakes, and Glaciers. New Delhi: Indus Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 9788185182612.
  2. ^ Valmiki Ramayana English Prose Translation in 7 volumes by Manmatha Nath Dutt 1891 to 1894. Retrieved 20 April 2021.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 27°21′N 81°23′E / 27.350°N 81.383°E / 27.350; 81.383