Santa Rosa de Lima de Abiquiu
|Nearest city||Abiquiú, New Mexico|
|Area||12.5 acres (5.1 ha)|
|NRHP reference No.||78001820|
|Added to NRHP||April 14, 1978|
|Designated NMSRCP||September 12, 1969|
By the 1730s, Spanish settlers were moving into the Chama River valley, and by 1744 at least 20 families were living in the present-day Abiquiú area, where they founded the Plaza de Santa Rosa de Lima. The church, on the plaza, was built circa 1744, and was in use until the 1930s. Repeated raids by Utes and Comanches caused the settlement to be abandoned in 1747. In 1750, the Spanish founded a new settlement at the present site of Abiquiú, about a mile from Santa Rosa de Lima.
Today, the site of Santa Rosa de Lima is a ghost town, with substantial adobe ruins of the church, and mounds where the settlers' adobe houses stood. The site is private property, belonging to the Archdiocese of Santa Fe.
- Pueblo de Abiquiú – A Genízaro Community by New Mexico Office of the State Historian