Sanjak of Preveza

The Sanjak of Preveza (Ottoman Turkish: Liva-i Preveze, Greek: Σαντζάκι Πρεβέζης) was a second-level Ottoman province (sanjak or liva) centred on the town of Preveze (Preveza) in southern Epirus, now part of Greece.

Sanjak of Preveza
Ottoman Turkish: Liva-i Preveze
Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire
1863–1915
Joanina Vilayet — Memalik-i Mahruse-i Shahane-ye Mahsus Mukemmel ve Mufassal Atlas (1907).jpg
1907 Ottoman map of the Vilayet of Ioannina, with the Sanjak of Preveza in the bottom
CapitalPreveza
History
History 
• Established
1863
1912–1913
• Establishment of Preveza Prefecture
1915
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sanjak of Ioannina
Preveza Prefecture
Today part ofGreece

Preveza had been a Venetian possession until 1797, as part of the Venetian Ionian Islands, when it was occupied by the French. Ali Pasha of Ioannina conquered the town in 1798, and made it part of his de facto independent domain until his fall in 1822.

Preveza remained part of the sanjak of Ioannina thereafter. It appears for the first time in the salname (provincial year-book) of 1863 as a separate sanjak of the Ioannina Eyalet, although in the next year it is recorded as a province of Tirhala. By 1867, joined with the sanjak of Narda (Arta), the new Sanjak of Preveze became part of Ioannina Vilayet. The region of Arta was ceded to Greece in 1881, and the remaining province survived until conquered by the Greek Army during the First Balkan War of 1912–1913.[1]

In 1912, it comprised two kazas (districts), those of Preveza itself and of Louros.[1] The Greek army occupied the area during the First Balkan War, but the administration and local officials were kept in place for a time, until the creation of the Preveza Prefecture by Royal Decree of 3/16 March 1915. The kazas were termed "sub-governorates" (υποδιοικήσεις), under governmental commissioners (διοικητικοί επίτροποι) nominated by the Governor-General of Epirus in Ioannina. The kaza of Margariti was merged with the kaza of Preveza during that time.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Birken 1976, p. 74.
  2. ^ Nikolaidou 1987, pp. 517–518, 523.

SourcesEdit

  • Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches [The Provinces of the Ottoman Empire]. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, 13 (in German). Reichert. ISBN 3-920153-56-1.
  • Nikolaidou, Eleftheria I. (1987). "Η οργάνωση του κράτους στην απελευθερωμένη Ήπειρο (1913-1914)" [State organization in liberated Epirus (1913-1914)]. Dodoni (in Greek). Ioannina: History and Archaeology Department of the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Ioannina. 16 (1): 496–610.