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San Francisco Bay Ferry

San Francisco Bay Ferry is a public transit passenger ferry service on the San Francisco Bay, administered by the San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority (WETA). San Francisco Bay Ferry is not affiliated with Golden Gate Ferry, which provides passenger ferry service to Marin County.

San Francisco Bay Ferry
San Francisco Bay Ferry logo.jpg
San Francisco Bay Ferry Hydrus May 2017.jpg
Hydrus departing the Ferry Building in San Francisco
LocaleSan Francisco Bay Area
WaterwaySan Francisco Bay
Transit typePassenger ferry
OwnerSan Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority
OperatorBlue & Gold Fleet
Began operation2011 (consolidation of existing service)
No. of lines5 (plus 1 special)
No. of vessels13[1]
No. of terminals9
Daily ridership8,600 (Q1 2018)[2]
Websitehttp://sanfranciscobayferry.com/
Route map
Vallejo
Mare Island
Richmond
Pier 41
San Francisco Municipal Railway#Heritage streetcars
San Francisco
Golden Gate Ferry San Francisco Municipal Railway#Heritage streetcars
AT&T Park
Oakland
Alameda
Harbor Bay
South San Francisco
San Francisco Bay
game day service

Contents

RoutesEdit

San Francisco Bay Ferry operates four commuter ferry routes:

Additional special service is operated to China Basin Ferry Terminal adjacent to Oracle Park for all San Francisco Giants home games. These gameday services operate on the Vallejo and Oakland/Alameda routes.

HistoryEdit

Emergency serviceEdit

In the days and weeks following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, ferry service was hastily restored between San Francisco and the East Bay while the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge was closed for repairs.[4] The popularity of the revived ferries and the need for a robust ferry system in the event that the region's roads and tunnels become impassable in an emergency ultimately led to the creation of the San Francisco Bay Ferry system.[5] The San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority (WETA) is a government entity created by the California state legislature in 2007 by Senate Bill 976.[6] The organization was formerly the San Francisco Bay Water Transit Authority (WTA), which the legislature established in 1999.[7]

VallejoEdit

Commuter service to Vallejo began in September 1986. It operated by Red & White Fleet without subsidy, though Vallejo funded the simultaneously-opened ferry terminal.[8] The company lost money on the commuter service; in October 1988, the city began subsidizing service. The passage of Regional Measure 1 the next month provided additional funding.[8] After the 1989 earthquake, service was temporarily increased using three ferries rented from the Washington State Ferries system. The 1990 passage of Proposition 116 provided $10 million for the purchase of new vessels, with an additional $17 million from the 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act.[8] A new vessel (MV Jet Cat Express) and a new operator (Blue & Gold Fleet) began operations on July 1, 1994. Two high-speed catamarans (MV Intintoli and MV Mare Island) were put into service in May 1997 under a new Baylink brand.[8] The MV Solano was added in 2004, allowing an increase from 11 to 15 daily round trips.[8]

ConsolidationEdit

WETA has assumed ferry service previously operated by the City of Alameda and Port of Oakland.[9] The ferry lines operated under the Alameda/Oakland Ferry and Alameda Harbor Bay Ferry names. Service to the city of South San Francisco began on 4 June 2012, which also coincided with use of the new San Francisco Bay Ferry name.[10][11][12] WETA assumed control of Baylink service on July 1, 2012.[13] Ferry service from Vallejo to San Francisco dates back to 1986. Approximately half of the agency's operating funds come from Regional Measure 2, a $1 toll increase on Bay Area bridges approved in 2004, and the other half comes from fares.[14][15] Since 2011, the private Blue & Gold Fleet has been under contract to operate the ferries on behalf of WETA.[16]

On April 29, 2013, a third evening trip from South San Francisco to Oakland was added, as well as a midday leisure-oriented round trip on Wednesdays and Fridays between South San Francisco and Pier 41 via the Ferry Building.[17] San Francisco service was expanded to Monday through Friday on November 3, 2014, with the Pier 41 segment dropped.[18] The single reverse commute trip on the South San Francisco–Oakland/Alameda route was dropped on May 4, 2015, leaving only three peak-direction round trips.[19] South San Francisco–Ferry Building service ended on July 2, 2018.[20]

Seasonal direct service between Oakland/Alameda and Angel Island ended on October 26, 2014; timed transfers at Pier 41 for Blue & Gold Fleet service to Angel Island were introduced beginning with the 2015 summer season.[21][22] On January 2, 2017, WETA increased weekday Vallejo service to 14 southbound and 13 northbound trips, with route 200 bus service discontinued.[23] SolTrans began operating a single northbound route 82 bus trip via the Ferry Building in the late evening, intended for passengers who miss the last ferry to Vallejo.[24] On March 6, 2017, service to Mare Island began as a short extension of Vallejo service. Initially, seven weekday round trips and four weekend round trips were extended to Mare Island.[25]

RichmondEdit

Weekday commuter service from a remodeled Richmond Ferry Terminal, in Richmond's Marina Bay District, to San Francisco was approved for funding and planning in 2015 to become operational by 2018.[26][27] Service commenced on January 10, 2019 with commute and limited reverse commute services.[3]

Future expansionEdit

WETA plans to establish new service from Berkeley, Richmond, and Redwood City to San Francisco. Its long-term vision also includes service from San Francisco to Antioch, Hercules, Martinez, and Treasure Island.[28] WETA projects the fleet to increase from 13 to 57 vessels by 2035 to accommodate these new services plus frequency increases on existing routes.[29]

Annual ridershipEdit

FY* Alameda/Oakland Harbor Bay South San Francisco Vallejo Systemwide
2006–07 443,000 130,000 897,000 1,470,000
2007–08 459,000 145,000 848,000 1,452,000 −1.2%
2008–09 400,000 143,000 690,000 1,233,000 −15.1%
2009–10 421,000 147,000 682,000 1,250,000 +1.4%
2010–11 455,130 154,000 697,000 1,306,000 +4.5%
2011–12 545,393 177,159 5,141 668,770 1,391,322 +6.5%
2012–13 606,960 203,131 40,505 713,300 1,563,896 +12.4%
2013–14 821,633 246,695 84,098 826,445 1,978,871 +26.5%
2014–15 911,473 266,304 107,389 858,665 2,143,831 +8.3%
2015–16 1,149,085 311,313 125,946 959,939 2,546,283 +18.8%
2016–17 1,183,188 321,289 136,320 1,000,773 2,641,570 +3.7%
2017–18 1,311,041 332,283 144,735 1,056,342 2,844,401 +7.7%
Sources:[30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38]

FleetEdit

As of late 2018, the WETA's fleet consists of thirteen vessels, with three under construction at Dakota Creek Industries and expected to enter service in 2019.[29] Long term plans call for an additional 44 ferries to enter the fleet by 2035.[29]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "San Francisco Bay Ferry Fleet" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  2. ^ "Transit Ridership Report: First Quarter 2018" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b "About Ferry Service Between Richmond and the San Francisco Ferry Building". Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  4. ^ Cabanatuan, Michael (February 24, 2006). "BAY AREA / Ferry godmother / After a big quake, water travel may save the day -- and lives". San Francisco Chronicle.
  5. ^ Cabanatuan, Michael (April 13, 2006). "BAY AREA / Revived push for water-transit network / Emergency system seen as necessary after a big quake". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  6. ^ "WETA's Role in Emergency Response". San Francisco Bay Ferry.
  7. ^ "Senate Bill 428 Establishes Bay Area Water Transit Authority". Bay Crossings. January 2000.
  8. ^ a b c d e "The History of Vallejo Ferry Service". Baylink. Archived from the original on May 17, 2013.
  9. ^ "Q&A: Emergency Needs Prompt Ferry Changes[permanent dead link]," San Francisco Bay Crossings October 2007.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2012-06-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-06. Retrieved 2013-05-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "From South San Francisco to San Francisco Ferry Bldg". sanfranciscobayferry.com. San Francisco Bay Ferry. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  13. ^ "San Francisco Bay Ferry Assumes Operation of City of Vallejo's Baylink Ferry Service" (Press release). July 2, 2012.
  14. ^ "WETA Strategic Plan". 2016.
  15. ^ McGall, Andrew (September 14, 2015). "San Francisco Bay ferry rider surge fuels expansion dream". San Jose Mercury News.
  16. ^ "WATER EMERGENCY TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY AWARDS FERRY OPERATING CONTRACT TO BLUE & GOLD FLEET" (PDF). San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority. October 11, 2011.
  17. ^ "SFBF to Expand South San Francisco Service" (Press release). San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority. April 4, 2013. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013.
  18. ^ "From South San Francisco to San Francisco Ferry Bldg". San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015.
  19. ^ "San Francico Bay Ferry" (PDF). Bay Crossings. Vol. 16 no. 5. May 2015. p. 25.
  20. ^ "South San Francisco to San Francisco Ferry Bldg". San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018.
  21. ^ "From Oakland Jack London Square to Angel Island". San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on September 22, 2014.
  22. ^ "Getting to Angel Island State Park From Alameda, Oakland or Vallejo". San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on April 29, 2015.
  23. ^ "Enhanced Vallejo Ferry Weekday Schedule In Effect Beginning January 2, 2017" (PDF) (Press release). San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority.
  24. ^ "New SolTrans Route 82 to Replace WETA's Route 200 Late Night Trips" (PDF) (Press release). Solano County Transit. December 29, 2016.
  25. ^ "Mare Island Ferry service begins on March 6, 2017" (PDF) (Press release). San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority.
  26. ^ Officials showcase proposed Richmond commuter ferry, Spencer Whitley, Richmond Confidential, 22-06-2012, access date 03-07-2012
  27. ^ Goldberg, Ted (November 18, 2015). "Richmond Ferry Service to San Francisco Inches Closer to Reality". KQED. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  28. ^ "Proposed Routes". San Francisco Bay Ferry. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  29. ^ a b c "PPG, MTU Power Bay Area's New Ferries". Marine Link. September 18, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  30. ^ "Short Range Transit Plan FY2012 – FY2021" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. 2012. Appendix A. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  31. ^ "Meeting of the Board of Directors" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. August 29, 2013. Attachment 1. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  32. ^ "Meeting of the Board of Directors" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. July 10, 2014. Attachment 1. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  33. ^ "Meeting of the Board of Directors" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. August 24, 2015. Attachment A (Total Passengers Current FY To Date). Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  34. ^ "Meeting of the Board of Directors" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. September 3, 2015. Attachment A (Total Passengers June 2015). Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  35. ^ "Meeting of the Board of Directors" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. August 4, 2016. Attachment A (Total Passengers Current FY To Date). Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  36. ^ "Meeting of the Board of Directors" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. September 1, 2016. Attachment A (Total Passengers June 2016). Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  37. ^ "Meeting of the Board of Directors" (PDF). Water Emergency Transportation Authority. September 7, 2017. Attachment A (Total Passengers June 2017). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  38. ^ "Meeting of the Board of Directions". Water Emergency Transportation Authority. August 2, 2018. Attachment A (Total Passengers June 2018. Retrieved May 12, 2017.

External linksEdit