Samundri (Urdu, Punjabi: سمندری) is a city and headquarters of Samundri Tehsil located in Faisalabad District of Punjab province, Pakistan.[2][3][4]

Samundri
سمندری
City
Clock Tower, Samundri
Clock Tower, Samundri
Samundri is located in Pakistan
Samundri
Samundri
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 31°03′45″N 72°57′15″E / 31.06250°N 72.95417°E / 31.06250; 72.95417Coordinates: 31°03′45″N 72°57′15″E / 31.06250°N 72.95417°E / 31.06250; 72.95417
CountryPakistan
ProvincePunjab
DistrictFaisalabad
TehsilSamundri
Population
 • City156,991
 • Rank55th, Pakistan
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)

It is the 55th largest city of Pakistan by population according to the 2017 census.[1]

HistoryEdit

EtymologyEdit

Samundri was on a major trade route during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. The present site of Samundri city was founded in 1887 as Chak No. 533 G.B. Later it was renamed as Seh Mundri because of three Hindu mandirs in the area. The word Seh (سه) means Three in Persian and Mandir is Sanskrit word for a temple.

ModernEdit

In 1887, there were three Hindu shrines in this area but now what remains, houses the Government Primary School No 4. Migration between India and Pakistan was continuous before the independence. By the 1930s Western Punjab was predominantly Muslim and supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence in August 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from Eastern Punjab in India settled in Western Punjab and across Pakistan.[5] Today Samundri is known for its contributions to Pakistan's Kabaddi team providing dozens of big names especially from Chak 176 G.B and 478 G.B. It has many Gujjar, Rajput and Jat farmers who tend to be physically larger in size than elsewhere in the region.[6][3]

GeographyEdit

Samundri is located at 31°03'45"N 72°57'15"E (31.063, 72.954), at an altitude of 168 metres (429 ft), and is 45 km from Faisalabad, 66 km from Jhang, 30 km from Gojra and just 15 km from Tandlianwala. The upcoming Karachi-Lahore Motorway will pass through neighborhood of Tandlianwala[3] known as Samundari Interchange Km 1016 on Samundari-Tandlianwala Road. Then it will be easily accessible from Lahore and Multan. The Post Code of Samundari is 37300.

EconomyEdit

Samundri is home to a major grain, whole corn & sugar market. Sugarcane and wheat are the major crops of the area, while corn is the most-traded good locally. Rice is also grown here but, due to water shortages, less farmers are deciding to grow it. Vegetables are grown on many hectares and fulfilling 50% of the demand.

The Anarkali Bazaar is the main commercial market of the city, and the Jinnah Market is the oldest. Other markets in the city include Jamat Ali Bazaar, Katchery Bazaar, Mandi Bazaar, Nehar Bazaar, Qasim Bazaar, Kashmiri Bazaar, Sunny Plaza and Chaki Bazaar.

Samundri is also known for its custom truck painting business.

Major Banks in Samundari:

  1. National Bank of Pakistan
  2. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited
  3. Habib Bank Limited (2 Branches)
  4. United Bank Limited
  5. Allied Bank Limited
  6. Muslim Commercial Bank Limited (2 Branches)
  7. Bank Alfalah
  8. Soneri Bank
  9. Meezan Bank
  10. Faysal Bank
  11. Al-Barka Bank
  12. Bank Al-Habib

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "PAKISTAN: Provinces and Major Cities". PAKISTAN: Provinces and Major Cities (scroll down to read under title 'Towns & Municipalities' including Samundri). citypopulation.de website. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Towns & Unions in the City District of Faisalabad (including Samundri)". Government of Punjab website. 1 February 2011. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Muhammad Hassan Miraj (20 May 2013). "The Alexander of Samundri". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  4. ^ Two former MPAs from Samundri join PML-Q The News International (newspaper), Published 18 February 2020, Retrieved 14 April 2021
  5. ^ Dube, I. &. S. (2009). From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. Oxford University Press.
  6. ^ Samundri on Digital South Asia Library University of Chicago website, Retrieved 14 April 2021
  7. ^ Ishtiaq Ahmed (10 March 2017). "Missing Samundri in Bollywood". The Friday Times (newspaper). Retrieved 14 April 2021.