Samum (castrum)

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Samum was a castrum (fort) in the Roman province of Dacia, situated at the very northern border of that territory. It lied on the right (northern) side of the river Someș, in historical land later known as Transylvania, inside of present Romania. Remnants of this relatively small fortified camp lies within the cadastre of village Cășeiu (near the town of Dej), 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) to the southwest from the edge of the village.

Samum
Samum (castrum) is located in Romania
Samum (castrum)
Location within Romania
Known also as
  • Castrum of Cășei
  • Castrum of Cășeiu
Founded during the reign ofTrajan
Founded101/102
Abandoned270/275
Place in the Roman world
ProvinceDacia
Administrative unitDacia Apulensis
Administrative unitDacia Superior
LimesPorolissensis
Directly connected to
Structure
— Stone structure —
Size and area165 m × 165 m (2.7 [1] ha)
Stationed military units
Cohorts
Alae
I Flavia[1]
Location
Coordinates47°11′10″N 23°50′15″E / 47.1862°N 23.8374°E / 47.1862; 23.8374
Altitude230 m (755 ft)
Place nameCetățele [3]
TownCășeiu
CountyCluj
Country Romania
Reference
RO-LMICJ-I-s-B-06996.01 [3]
RO-RAN56675.02 [3]
Site notes
RecognitionMonument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
ConditionRuined
Excavation dates
Archaeologists

This castrum in a typical square shape was built as an auxiliary military camp at the beginning of the 2nd century, in times of the Emperor Trajan, while it was fully abandoned (together with whole province of Dacia) after 270 AD, when Emperor Aurelian decided to give-up too difficultly defensible province.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Casei
  2. ^ Tactica, strategie si specific de lupta la cohortele equitate din Dacia Romana, Petru Ureche[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Situl arheologic de la Căşeiu (Samum) - "Cetăţele"". Repertoriul Arheologic Naţional (RAN). CIMEC. 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2013-06-01.

Coordinates: 47°11′10.40″N 23°50′15.50″E / 47.1862222°N 23.8376389°E / 47.1862222; 23.8376389