Samuel Sandys (Royalist)

Sir Samuel Sandys (15 June 1615 – 5 April 1685) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1640 and 1685. He fought for the Royalists in the English Civil War.

BiographyEdit

Sandys was the son of Sir Edwin Sandys MP and his wife Penelope Bulkeley, daughter of Sir Richard Bulkeley MP. He was grandson of Sir Samuel Sandys MP, who had represented Worcestershire in parliament in the time of King James I.[1]

In April 1640, Sandys was elected Member of Parliament for Droitwich in the Short Parliament. He was re-elected in November 1640 for the Long Parliament. He supported the King and was disabled from sitting in August 1642.[2] Colonel Sandys was made governor of Evesham in 1642 and commanded a troop of horse at the action at Wickfield and at the Battle of Edgehill. Later he raised an infantry regiment and cavalry regiment for the king at his own expense. He was lieutenant-governor of Worcester under Prince Maurice in 1644.[1]

Sandys compounded in 1646;[2] his estates were sequestered,[3] and he was imprisoned for a time in 1651. He was an active royalist plotter.[2]

In 1660 Sandys was re-elected as MP for Droitwich in the Convention Parliament. In 1661 he was elected MP for Worcestershire in the Cavalier Parliament and sat until 1681. He was re-elected MP for Droitwich in 1681 and held the seat until 1685.[2]

Sandys died on 5 April 1685 at the age of 69, and was buried at Ombersley.

FamilyEdit

Sandys married firstly Mary Barker daughter of Dr Hugh Barker, and had two sons and a daughter:[4]

His second wife was Elizabeth Pakington, daughter of Sir John Pakington Bt MP and widow of Henry Washington. They had no children.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Burke, John (1832). A General and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the British Empire. 2. pp. 399–400.
  2. ^ a b c d Rowlands, Edward (1983). Henning, B.D. (ed.). "Sandys, Samuel I (1615–85), of Ombersley, Worcs". The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690.
  3. ^ Cherry, George L. (1966). The Convention Parliament, 1689: A Biographical Study of Its Members. p. 158. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b Collins, Arthur (1779). The Peerage of England. 7. p. 385. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  5. ^ Foster, Joseph (1891). Alumni Oxonienses: Sandys, Edwin. p. 1309. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
Parliament of England
Vacant
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Droitwich
1640–1642
With: John Wilde 1640
Endymion Porter 1640–1642
Succeeded by
Thomas Rainsborough
Edward Wilde
Vacant
Not represented in Restored Rump
Member of Parliament for Droitwich
1660
With: Thomas Coventry
Succeeded by
Samuel Sandys
Henry Coventry
Preceded by
Henry Bromley
John Talbot
Member of Parliament for Worcestershire
1661–1681
With: Sir John Pakington, Bt 1661–1679
Thomas Foley 1679–1681
Succeeded by
Thomas Foley
Bridges Nanfan
Preceded by
Samuel Sandys
Henry Coventry
Member of Parliament for Droitwich
1681–1685
With: Henry Coventry
Succeeded by
Samuel Sandys
Thomas Windsor