Samuel Brooks House (Massachusetts)

The Samuel Brooks House is a historic American Revolutionary War site in Concord, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of today's Minute Man National Historic Park. It is located on North Great Road, just off Battle Road (formerly the Bay Road).[1]

Samuel Brooks House
SOUTHEAST VIEW OF EXTERIOR - Samuel Brooks House, North Great Road (State Route 2A), Concord, Middlesex County, MA HABS MASS,9-CON,12-1.tif
The house in the mid-20th century
General information
Architectural styleColonial
LocationConcord, Massachusetts, U.S.
AddressNorth Great Road
Coordinates42°27′12″N 71°18′32″W / 42.45339°N 71.30886°W / 42.45339; -71.30886Coordinates: 42°27′12″N 71°18′32″W / 42.45339°N 71.30886°W / 42.45339; -71.30886
Completed1692; 330 years ago (1692)
Technical details
Floor count4 (including the cellar)

The house is situated near the border of the town of Lincoln, in an area that had been owned by members of his family since the mid-17th century. By the time of the Revolution, this area was known as Brooks Hill, and the cluster of houses on it Brooks Village.[2] There are three other Brooks-family houses within a quarter mile — the Job Brooks House, the Noah Brooks House and the Joshua Brooks House.[3]

Samuel Brooks inherited the house from his father, also Samuel. When he married Mary Bateman Flint, in 1781, he inherited seven stepchildren.[2]

Brooks died in 1811.[2]

The property was purchased by the National Park Service in 1963.[2]

Battles of Lexington and ConcordEdit

The battles of Lexington and Concord took form before dawn on April 19, 1775. Soldiers passed by the house on their way to Concord, and again on their way back to Boston.

Paul Revere and William Dawes were detained by a British Army patrol nearby during the "Midnight Ride" to Concord of April 18. Samuel Prescott, who was also riding with them, escaped by jumping his horse over a wall and into the woods. Prescott emerged at the Hartwell Tavern, awakened Ephraim and informed him of the pending arrival of the British soldiers.[4] Ephraim sent his black slave, Violet, down the road to alert his son and his family. Mary then relayed the message to Captain William Smith, commanding officer of the Lincoln minutemen,[5] who lived a little to the west and whose home still stands along Battle Road. The minutemen received the notice in time, and arrived at Old North Bridge before their enemy. Prescott made it to Concord.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Samuel Brooks House, 1692National Park Service
  2. ^ a b c d Job Brooks House, 1740National Park Service
  3. ^ Minute Man National Historical Park | JOB BROOKS HOUSE – National Park Planner
  4. ^ The Prescott Memorial, Or, A Genealogical Memoir of the Prescott Families in America In Two Parts, William Prescott (1870), p. 66
  5. ^ Battle Road: Birthplace of the American Revolution, Maurice R. Cullen (1970) ISBN 9780856990144
  6. ^ Fischer 1994, pp. 131–132, 144.