Salem is referenced in the following biblical passages:
- "And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God."
- "In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion."
Possibly a different place is mentioned in Genesis 33:18: "And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city." The town of Salim corresponds to that location. It is also mentioned in the Gospel of John 3:23: "And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Saleím [Σαλείμ], because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized."
Based on Joseph Smith's translation of the Bible, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints believe the ancient city of Salem and its inhabitants were taken into heaven, or "translated," in the same manner as the City of Enoch.
Various towns have been named after Biblical Salem.
- Genesis 14:18.
- Psalm 76:2.
- "Salem". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Wright, Dennis A. (February 1998). ""None Were Greater": A Restoration View of Melchizedek". Retrieved April 7, 2016.