Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention, 2001
|Date of adoption||June 21, 2001|
|Date in force||September 20, 2003|
|Classification||Occupational Safety and Health|
|Subject||Occupational Safety and Health|
|Previous||Maternity Protection Convention, 2000|
|Next||Seafarers' Identity Documents Convention (Revised), 2003|
It was established in 2001, with the preamble stating:
Noting the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy as well as the relevant codes of practice, in particular the code of practice on recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases, 1996, and the code of practice on safety and health in forestry work, 1998, and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to safety and health in agriculture,...
As of the end of 2015, the convention has been ratified by 16 states.
ILO's OSH Meeting (2009)Edit
In accordance with the decisions taken by the governing body of the International Labor Organization, a meeting of experts in the field of occupational safety and health (OSH) at work in the agricultural sector was held in Geneva in 2009. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss a draft code of conduct for agricultural safety and health. Based on ILO's Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention (2001) codes of practice are technical standards that provide practical guidance for certain sectors or topics. Existing ILO standards, conventions and recommendations are often supplemented or expanded, but these additions and expansions are not binding, unlike conventions. Detailed technical advice on the sector or topic is essential when putting occupational safety and health (OSH) into practice. It is important that compliance with occupational safety and health (OSH) standards for female workers are differentiated. As the majority of agricultural workers are women, this code takes into account the gender-specific challenges of occupational safety and health (OSH) in agriculture.
ILO's OSH Related Scientific Research (2018)Edit
A scientific study by Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute (OSHRI) in 2018 used SWOT analysis to analyze legislation on occupational safety and health in low- and middle-income countries. Under the ILO’s Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention (2001), the necessary changes have been identified in order to develop international best practice. Additional laws and interventions were envisaged in the summary of the analysis. Although the agricultural sector employed more than 70% of the population in the countries surveyed, most of them did not yet have legislation on health and safety at work in the sector. Laws do not place enough emphasis on creating a fair position for women, are fragmented among different government agencies and are incomplete, outdated, and not sufficiently deterrent to potential violators. The authors of the scientific study had concluded that the legal framework needs to be renewed and that legal harmonization is needed.
- https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_dialogue/---sector/documents/normativeinstrument/wcms_161135.pdf[full citation needed]
- Ncube, France; Kanda, Artwell (December 2018). "Current Status and the Future of Occupational Safety and Health Legislation in Low- and Middle-Income Countries". Safety and Health at Work. 9 (4): 365–371. doi:10.1016/j.shaw.2018.01.007. PMC 6284162. PMID 30559983.