SS La Touraine

SS La Touraine was an ocean liner that sailed for the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique from the 1890s to the 1920s. Built in France in 1891, she was primarily employed in transatlantic service on the North Atlantic. The liner was scrapped in Dunkirk in October 1923.

SS La Touraine
History
France
NameSS La Touraine
Namesakeformer province of Touraine
OwnerCompagnie Générale Transatlantique
BuilderChantiers de Penhoët, Saint-Nazaire, France
Launched21 March 1890
Maiden voyageLe HavreNew York, 20 June 1891
FateScrapped October 1923
General characteristics
Tonnage
Length158.55 m (520 ft 2 in) LBP
Beam17.07 m (56 ft 0 in)
Speed19 knots (35 km/h)
Capacity1090 passengers (392 Saloon, 98 second class, 600 steerage)
Boiler Room of La Touraine
La Touraine leaving port
Bridge of La Touraine
Ship's Interior
Grand Stair of La Touraine
La Touraine Smoking Room
Colorized oblique photo postcard
La Touraine leaving Le Havre.
La Touraine passing the Statue of Liberty

DescriptionEdit

La Touraine was laid down by Chantiers de [null Penhoët] for Compagnie Générale Transatlantique in Saint-Nazaire and launched 21 March 1890.[1] Built for France to New York service, she was the fifth-largest steamer in the world at the time of her launch,[2] preceded by the Great Eastern, City of Paris, City of New York, Majestic, and Teutonic. She had a 8,893 gross tonnage (GT) and measured 158.55 metres (520 ft 2 in) long between perpendiculars, and was 17.07 metres (56 ft 0 in) wide. Equipped with twin triple-expansion steam engines driving two screw propellers that drove her at 19 knots (35 km/h), she was outfitted with two funnels and four masts.

La Touraine was equipped throughout with electric lighting which was distributed by numerous circuits for redundancy and safety. La Touraine was initially equipped with accommodations for 392 first-class, 98 second-class, and 600 third-class passengers.

Operational historyEdit

La Touraine sailed on her maiden voyage from Le Havre to New York on 20 June 1891[1] in just six days, seventeen hours and thirty minutes. During a transatlantic crossing in July 1892 she achieved a record speed of 21.2 knots over the measured mile, although she was never a Blue Riband record holder.

In 1893, one of her passengers was Bulgarian writer Aleko Konstantinov and he described the journey in his book To Chicago and Back.

On 2 March 1900, La Touraine ran down the sailing trawler 'Briton' of Brixham, Devon, in the English Channel near the Eddystone light. The trawler's entire five man crew was lost.[3]

From November 1900 to January 1902, La Touraine was refitted at Saint-Nazaire to 8,429 GT. Her engines were overhauled, she had bilge keels installed, and two masts removed. The bilge keels helped further stabilize the ship. As a result La Touraine, was said to be "as smooth as an iron over a linen cloth." Her third-class passenger capacity was increased to 1,000. On 21 January 1903, La Touraine was damaged at Le Havre by a fire that destroyed her grand staircase, the first-class dining room, and her "de luxe" cabins, all of which were later rebuilt.[1] In 1906, La Touraine was still on the New York route, sailing opposite La Savoie and La Lorraine.[4] In 1910 her passenger capacity was reduced, accommodating 69 first-, 263 second-, and 686 third-class passengers.[1] On April 12, 1912 while on a transatlantic voyage La Touraine was one of a number of ships that related wireless radio warnings about icebergs to the RMS Titanic shortly before that ship's now-famous collision with an iceberg.[5]

In May 1913, she began sailing from Le Havre to Montreal via Quebec carrying only second- and third-class passengers.[1] In October 1913, while still on this route, she was one of ten ocean liners that came to the aid of the stricken Uranium Line steamer Volturno that had caught fire. During the rescue efforts, La Touraine came within 15 feet (4.6 m) of colliding with the Red Star liner Kroonland, also participating in the rescue attempt.[6] La Touraine began her fifth and final round trip on the Montreal run in June 1914.[1]

At the outbreak of World War I, the French government took over many of CGT's liners—including La Touraine—for a variety of duties.[7] During the war, the German government established an intelligence and sabotage operation within the United States. On July 30, 1916, this campaign carried out the sabotage of the Black Tom pier in Jersey City, New Jersey, destroying the munitions depot there and causing severe damage to numerous structures including the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island complex.

At some point after being released from government service, La Touraine resumed Le Havre–New York service, and again carried first-class passengers, until March 1915.[1] After the German invasion of France in April 1915, CGT shifted its base of operations to Bordeaux;[7] La Touraine began Bordeaux–New York service at that time, remaining on that route until September 1919, when the end of the war allowed the resumption of departures from Le Havre. After resuming Le Havre–New York service, La Touraine carried cabin and third-class passengers only through her last voyage in September 1922.[1] With the post-war boom in North Atlantic traffic over,[8] CGT sold La Touraine. The liner was scrapped in Dunkirk in October 1923.[1]

 
La Touraine dockside

CaptainsEdit

  • Mr. Frangeul
  • M. Louis Lepretre
  • A. Fajolle
  • C. Caussin

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bonsor, p. 657.
  2. ^ Bonsor, p. 629.
  3. ^ "Brixham Ketch Run Down, Loss of Five Lives". North Devon Journal. 15 March 1900.
  4. ^ Bonsor, p. 634.
  5. ^ "TOLD TITANIC OF ICEBERGS.; Touraine, Now at Havre, Encountered Field of Submerged Ice". The New York Times. 1912-04-17. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-12-24.
  6. ^ "Ships near a crash in aiding Volturno" (PDF). The New York Times. 19 October 1913. p. 8.
  7. ^ a b Bonsor, p. 635.
  8. ^ Bonsor, p. 638.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit