SS Anna Paulowna was a 1857 built 63 metres long Dutch steamship. It was owned by Koninklijke Nederlandse Stoomboot-Maatschappij (KNSM) and had hometown Amsterdam.

NameAnna Paulowna
OwnerKoninklijke Nederlandse Stoomboot-Maatschappij (KNSM)
BuilderWilliam Denny and Brothers, Dumbarton
Cost12,294 GBP
Yard number65
Launched7 April 1857
United Kingdom
OwnerKoninklijke Nederlandse Stoomboot-Maatschappij (KNSM)
Acquired18 November 1861
Out of service1 December 1876
RenamedAnna Paulowna
Fatewrecked at Terschelling, the Netherland on 1 December 1876
General characteristics
Tonnage518.05 GRT,[1] 473 BRT[2]
Length194.6 Feet
Beam25.2 Feet
Depth13.8 Feet
Installed power60 n.h.p.[1] / 300 IHP[3]
Sail planthree masts
Speed8 knots
CapacityOne 2-cylinder compound steam engine, single shaft, 1 screw, 3 masts

On 1 December 1876 the ship was driven ashore and wrecked on Terschelling, the Netherlands. The crew members were rescued.[2][1][3]

Ship details


The ship had an iron hull, and was 60 metres long and measured 63m x 8m. She weighed 518.05 GRT and 473 BRT. The ship had one 2-cylinder compound steam engine a single shaft, one screw and three masts.[1][2]

When the ship sank in 1876, she had a tandem compound engine. It is not known whether this was the original machine, "compounded" or a completely new machine. It's also not known when a change of machine took place.[1]



The ship was built by William Denny and Brothers and costed 12,294 GBP. She was launched on 7 April 1857.[3] In November 1859 she was on voyage from Baltiysk, Russia to Amsterdam. In Gdansk, Poland the ship was checked and on 24 November 1859 it was found that the shaft and cylinder were broken. The repair would take up to four weeks.[3]

1861 accident


In January 1861 the ship with captain P.D.H.D. de Haan was on a voyage from Amsterdam, North Holland to Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France,[4] and Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia. During the night of 15 January 1861 the ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Cape Spartel, Morocco with the loss of six of her 22 crew. Cargo of the ship was unloaded.[5][6][3]

British salvagers managed to refloat the ship and the ship was sold to England where it entered service under the name Enterprise. In November 1861 the KNSM bought the ship back and came back into service as Anna Paulowna.[2][3]

1864-1875 damamges


On 29 April 1864 after departing on a voyage from Amsterdam, the Netherlands to Liverpool, United Kingdom, returned to Oosterdok, Amsterdam with propeller damage. On 25 September 1867 the ship arrived from Amsterdam at the harbor of Frederikshavn, Denmark with a broken spindle and cylinder. On 22 September 1875 while on voyage from Saint Petersburg, Russia to the Netherlands it broke the machine at Hveen and brought in by a tugboat at Copenhagen where it was repaired.[3]

1876 fate


On 1 December 1876, while en route from Pernau to Schiedam, the Netherlands, the ship with a cargo of barley stranded near Terschelling partly due to fog. The ship also had the rescued crew of the Belgian SS Deloye Matthieu on board. Part of the cargo was thrown overboard in an attempt to refloat the ship, but this didn't work out. Thirteen crew members and passengers were brought ashore on Terschelling by a fishing vessel. The captain and mates followed later with a pilot boat.[2][7][8]



The next year, on 20 August 1877 a public sale took place at Terschelling of the wreck and its cargo.[9]

Wreck dives


In the early 1980s the wreck was re-discovered by divers from Terschelling. There was little left of the hole. In the middle was a small steam boiler with the 2-cylinder compound steam engine. At the rear was the 20 meter long propeller shaft running through the sand that ended at a small iron propeller.[2] In 2014 it was discovered that the ship had a tandem compound engine; so another engine as the original installed in 1857.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "SS Anna Paulowna [+1876]".
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Scheepswrak: Anna Paulowna". Wrakkenmuseum [nl] (in Dutch).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "ANNA PAULOWNA - ID 8098". Stichting Maritiem-Historische Databank (in Dutch).
  4. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Morning Chronicle. No. 29338. London. 19 January 1861.
  5. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Morning Chronicle. No. 29341. London. 23 January 1861.
  6. ^ "The Mediterranean and Bombay Mails". Morning Post. No. 27181. London. 28 January 1861. p. 6.
  7. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Daily News. No. 9553. London. 4 December 1876.
  8. ^ "Binnenland | 's-Hertogenbosch 7 December". Provinciale Noordbrabantsche en 's Hertogenbossche courant (in Dutch). 8 December 1876 – via Delpher.
  9. ^ "Verkooping te Terschelling". Algemeen Handelsblad (in Dutch). 15 August 1877 – via Delpher.