SPFS (Russian: Система передачи финансовых сообщений (СПФС), romanized: Sistema peredachi finansovykh soobscheniy, lit. 'System for Transfer of Financial Messages') is a Russian equivalent of the SWIFT financial transfer system, developed by the Central Bank of Russia. The system has been in development since 2014, when the United States government threatened to disconnect Russia from the SWIFT system.
|Parent||Bank of Russia|
Compared to SWIFT, the system faces a number of challenges, especially higher transaction costs though in March 2018 transaction fee was radically reduced to 0,80–1,00 ₽ (0.012–0.015 $) per transaction. The system only works within Russia, though there are plans to integrate the network with the China-based Cross-Border Inter-Bank Payments System.
The Russian Government is also in talks to expand SPFS to developing countries such as Turkey and Iran. Owing to its limitations, the SPFS system is seen as a last resort, rather than as a replacement for the SWIFT network. Since 2019 many agreements have been reached to link SPFS to other countries' payment systems in China, India, Iran, as well as the countries inside the EAEU who are planning to use SPFS directly.
On March 17, 2022, Anatoly Aksakov, Chairman of the State Duma Committee on the Financial Market, announced that the Bank of Russia and the People's Bank of China are working on connecting the Russian and Chinese financial messaging systems. He also pointed to the beginning of the development of information transfer schemes using blockchains, including the digital ruble and the digital yuan. On March 31, 2022, the Economic Times published information that India has offered Russia a new transaction system with the transfer of trade to the ruble and SPFS, which will work through the Reserve Bank of India and Russia's Vnesheconombank. According to the same data, the system will be put into operation within a week.
In April 2022, Russian Central Bank governor said most Russian banks and 52 foreign organizations from 12 countries had received access to the SPFS.
- Aitov, Timur (15 March 2018). "Натянутая струна. Возможно ли отключение России от SWIFT". Forbes.ru. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- Turak, Natasha (23 May 2018). "Russia's central bank governor touts Moscow alternative to SWIFT transfer system as protection from US sanctions". CNBC. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- ""Роснефть" провела первую операцию в "русской SWIFT"". 22 March 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- Aggarwal, Parv. "How U.S. Sanctions are Fostering Innovative Strategies for Resiliency in Russia". The Fletcher School, Tufts University. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- "Система передачи финансовых сообщений | Банк России". www.cbr.ru. Retrieved 2019-04-23.
- "Press review: Russia eyes dumping US dollar and NATO backs Washington's INF accusation". TASS (in Russian). 4 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- "Banks in Iran, Russia Connected via Non-SWIFT Financial Messaging Service". Financial Tribune. 17 September 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
- Chaudhury, Dipanjan Roy (14 November 2019). "India-Russia-China explore alternative to SWIFT payment mechanism". The Economic Times. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
- Доля сообщений через российский аналог SWIFT выросла в 1,8 раза — Экономика и бизнес — ТАСС
- "Россия и Китай смогут обмениваться платежами без SWIFT | Bigasia.ru". bigasia.ru. Retrieved 2022-04-01.
- "СМИ: Россия и Индия обсуждают внедрение альтернативной системы транзакций". tass.ru. Retrieved 2022-04-01.
- Reuters (2022-04-19). "Russia central bank will not name banks linked to SWIFT alternative". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-06-01.