The SPCA 40T, also designated the SPCA VII,[1] was a mailplane built in France in the late 1920s.

Role Mailplane[1]
National origin France
Manufacturer SPCA
First flight 21 December 1929[1]
Primary user Services Aeriens de Madagascar[2]
Number built 3

Design edit

The 40T was a high-wing monoplane of conventional layout with a thick-sectioned, cantilever wing.[1][3] The flight deck and cargo bay were fully enclosed, and the latter could be adapted to seat five passengers.[3][4] The fixed undercarriage consisted of divided main units with spatted wheels, plus a tailskid. Construction was of metal throughout.[1][2]

The two 40Ts were followed by a single example designated 41T with more powerful Salmson 9Nc engines that first flew on 12 December 1931.[1] Services Aeriens de Madagascar operated the 41T between Tananarive and Broken Hill (where the route connected with Imperial Airways).[2][4]

Eventually, the 40Ts were fitted with this same engine, at which time they were redesignated SPCA 218.[1]

Variants edit

  • 40T – initial production version with Salmson 9Ac engines (2 built)
  • 41T – version with Salmson 9Nc engines (1 built)
  • 218 – original 40Ts refitted with Salmson 9Nc engines (2 converted)

Operators edit

Specifications (40T) edit

SPCA 40 T p3-view drawing from NACA Aircraft Circular No.143

Data from Aviafrance: SPCA 40T [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two pilots
  • Length: 13.18 m (43 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 20.00 m (65 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.25 m (10 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 55.0 m2 (590 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 2,161 kg (4,754 lb)
  • Gross weight: 3,036 kg (6,679 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Salmson 9Ac , 90 kW (120 hp) each


  • Maximum speed: 180 km/h (110 mph, 96 kn)
  • Range: 600 km (380 mi, 330 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,950 m (19,500 ft)

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Parmentier 1998
  2. ^ a b c "French Service to Madagascar"
  3. ^ a b The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, p.2860
  4. ^ a b Taylor 1989, p.835

References edit

  • "French Service to Madagascar". Flight. 10 May 1934. p. 456. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing.
  • Liron, Jean (December 1989). "Les SPCA: Les SPCA 218" [The SPCA Aircraft: The SPCA 218]. Le Fana de l'Aviation (in French) (241): 26–31. ISSN 0757-4169.
  • Liron, Jean (September 1989). "Les SPCA: Le SPCA VII types 40T et 41T et le SPCA IV type 60 "Hermés"" [The SPCA Aircraft: The SPCA VII Types 40T and 41T and the SPCA IV type 60 Hermés]. Le Fana de l'Aviation (in French). No. 238. pp. 42–45.
  • Parmentier, Bruno (1998). "S.P.C.A. 40T". Aviafrance. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.

External links edit