SIL Open Font License

The SIL Open Font License (or OFL in short) is one of the major open font licenses, which allows embedding, or "bundling",[4] of the font in commercially sold products.[5]

SIL Open Font License
OFL logo rect color.svg
AuthorSIL International
Latest version1.1
PublishedFebruary 2007; 15 years ago (2007-02)
SPDX identifierOFL-1.0, OFL-1.1
Debian FSG compatibleYes[1]
FSF approvedYes[2]
OSI approvedYes[3]
CopyleftYes[2]
Websitescripts.sil.org/ofl

OFL is a free and open source license.[6][7] It was created by SIL International, the organization behind Ethnologue.

HistoryEdit

The Open Font License was created by SIL International employees Victor Gaultney and Nicolas Spalinger.[8][9] Gaultney had previously designed the Gentium font and was unsatisfied with existing font licenses.[8]

The Open Font License was designed for use with many of SIL's Unicode fonts, including Gentium Plus, Charis SIL, and Andika.[6] The license was in a "public review" stage between 2005 and 2007[9] and version 1.1 was published in February 2007.[9]

Prior to the release of the OFL, the Bitstream Vera fonts had been released in 2003 under most of the same terms and conditions.[10]

Open-source fonts are a popular choice among designers, and most open-source fonts utilize the Open Font License.[11] For example, it was used to license a font made by the US government.[12]

TermsEdit

The Open Font License is a free software license, and as such permits the fonts to be used, modified, and distributed freely (so long as the resulting fonts remain under the Open Font License). However, the copyright holder may declare the font's name as being a "Reserved Font Name", which modified versions then cannot bear. (This includes subsetting for web fonts.) The license permits covered fonts to be freely embedded in documents under any terms. The only stipulation is that fonts cannot be sold on their own, though they may be included in software bundles for sale.[6]

The license is considered free by the Free Software Foundation (FSF)[2] and the Debian project.[1] FSF states that although the requirement that the font be bundled with software rather than being distributed alone is unusual, that a simple hello world program is enough to satisfy the license's requirement, and that it is therefore harmless.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b The DFSG and Software Licenses
  2. ^ a b c d FSF: Licenses for Fonts – SIL Open Font License 1.1
  3. ^ "SIL OPEN FONT LICENSE (OFL-1.1) | Open Source Initiative".
  4. ^ Spalinger, Nicolas; Gaultney, Victor (September 19, 2010). "Question: 1.15 What about distributing fonts with a document? Within a compressed folder structure? Is it distribution, bundling or embedding?". OFL-FAQ web version (1.1-update5). SIL International. Archived from the original on August 7, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  5. ^ Garish, Matt; Gylling, Markus (2013). Epub 3 Best Practices (PDF). O’Reilly Media, Inc. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-449-32914-3. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 3, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "SIL Open Font License (OFL)". scripts.sil.org. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  7. ^ "Open Source License Comparison Grid" (PDF). CMU. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 21, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Suehle, Ruth. "Then, now, and the future of open source fonts". Opensource.com. Retrieved March 5, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ a b c "SIL Open Font License (OFL)". SIL. Retrieved September 12, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Bitstream Vera Fonts – April 16, 2003 – GNOME". Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  11. ^ Wagner, Josh; Stein, Joel (August 21, 2020). "Goldman Sachs Has Money. It Has Power. And Now It Has a Font". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  12. ^ "Why the US Government Just Made Its Own Font, Open Sans". www.vice.com. Retrieved March 5, 2021.

External linksEdit