Ruy Alexandre Guerra Coelho Pereira (born August 22, 1931) is a Portuguese-Brazilian film director and screenwriter. Guerra was born a Portuguese citizen in Lourenço Marques (today Maputo) in Mozambique, when it was still a Portuguese colony.
Ruy Alexandre Guerra Coelho Pereira
August 22, 1931
|Spouse(s)||Leila Diniz (1971–1972)|
Cláudia Ohana (1981–1984)
Guerra studied at IDHEC film school in Paris from 1952. In 1958 he started his career as an assistant director in several French films. He subsequently immigrated to Brazil, where he directed his first feature film, Os Cafajestes (1962). It was entered into the 12th Berlin International Film Festival.
In 1964, Guerra directed Os Fuzis, which placed him in the forefront of the emerging Cinema Novo movement. The film was entered into the 14th Berlin International Film Festival where it won the Silver Bear Extraordinary Jury Prize.
After that he directed the international production Tendres Chasseurs (1969) starring Sterling Hayden, and Os Deuses e os Mortos (1970). The tumultuous political landscape in 1970's Brazil forced Guerra to stop filming until 1976, when he directed A Queda. The film was entered into the 28th Berlin International Film Festival, where it won the Silver Bear - Special Jury Prize.
In 1980 he returned to Mozambique where he shot Mueda, Memória e Massacre, that country's first feature film. While in Mozambique, Guerra shot many short films and helped the creation of the National Institute for Cinema.
In 1982 Guerra shot Eréndira in Mexico, based on the work by Gabriel García Márquez. He also directed the musical comedy A Ópera do Malandro (1985), based on Chico Buarque's free theatrical adaptation of Bertold Brecht's Threepenny Opera; the TV film Os Amores Difíceis, another adaptation of García Márquez; and Kuarup (1989). In 2000 Guerra's Estorvo was nominated for the Golden Palm at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival. It was Guerra's third nomination in the festival, after Erêndira and Kuarup. His 2004 film Portugal S.A. was the only film he did in Portugal and entered into the 26th Moscow International Film Festival.
Guerra has appeared in many films as an actor; he is perhaps best known to international audiences for his performance as the doomed Pedro de Ursúa in Werner Herzog's Aguirre, the Wrath of God (1972).
|Indicates a work made for TV||Indicates a short film|
|Year||Original title||English release title||Language(s)||Notes|
|1954||Quand Le Soleil Dort||French||French production.|
|1962||Os Cafajestes||The Unscrupulous Ones / The Miscreants / The Hustlers||Portuguese||Guerra's first Brazilian production.|
|1964||Os Fuzis||The Guns||Portuguese||Brazilian-argentinian co-production.|
|1969||Ternos Caçadores||Sweet Hunters / Jailbird||Portuguese, English||Brazilian-French-Panamanian co-production.|
|1970||Os Deuses e os Mortos||Of Gods and the Undead / Gods and the Dead||Portuguese|
|1978||A Queda||The Fall||Portuguese||Co-directed with Nelson Xavier.|
|1979||Mueda, Memória e Massacre||Mueda, Memory and Massacre||Portuguese||Mozambican production.|
|1981||Histoires extraordinaires||French||French TV series. Director of La lettre volée episode.|
|1981||A Carta Roubada||Portuguese||Portuguese production.|
|1983||Eréndira||Eréndira||Portuguese, Spanish||West German-French-Mexican co-production.|
|1986||Ópera do Malandro||Malandro||Portuguese||Brazilian-French co-production.|
|1987||Fábula de la Bella Palomera / A Bela Palomera||Fable of the Beautiful Pigeon Fancier||Portuguese||Brazilian-Spanish co-production.|
|1992||Me Alquilo Para Soñar||Spanish||Cuban-Spanish co-production. TV miniseries, 6 episodes.|
|2000||Monsanto||Monsanto||Portuguese||Portuguese production. TV movie.|
|2004||Portugal S.A.||Portugal S.A.||Portuguese||Portuguese production.|
|2006||O Veneno da Madrugada||In Evil Hour||Portuguese, Spanish||Brazilian-argentinian-Portuguese co-production.|
|2018||Quase Memória||Oblivious Memory||Portuguese|
- S.O.S. Noronha (1957)
- "IMDB.com: Awards for Os Cafajestes". imdb.com. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- "Berlinale 1964: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
- "Berlinale 1978: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- "Festival de Cannes: Turbulence". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
- "26th Moscow International Film Festival (2004)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-04-07.