Neuruppin (German pronunciation: [nɔʏʁʊˈpiːn]) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, the administrative seat of Ostprignitz-Ruppin district. It is the birthplace of the novelist Theodor Fontane (1819–1898) and therefore also referred to as Fontanestadt. A garrison town since 1688 and largely rebuilt in a Neoclassical style after a devastating fire in 1787, Neuruppin has the reputation of being "the most Prussian of all Prussian towns".
Street with Holy Trinity Church
|• Mayor||Jens-Peter Golde (Pro Ruppin)|
|• Total||303.32 km2 (117.11 sq mi)|
|Elevation||44 m (144 ft)|
|• Density||100/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
16816, 16818, 16827
|Dialling codes||03391, 033925, 033929, 033932, 033933|
|Vehicle registration||OPR, KY, NP, WK|
The town is located on the shore of the Ruppiner See, a lake traversed by the Rhin river, about 60 km (37 mi) northwest of Berlin. In the north, the hilly landscape of Ruppin Switzerland stretches up to the Rheinsberg Lake Region and the border with Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is part of the Stechlin-Ruppiner Land Nature Park.
After several incorporations in 1993, Neuruppin today is one of Germany's largest municipalities by area.
The shores of Ruppiner See were settled since the Stone Age; in the 9th century AD, Poggenwerder Island was the site of a Slavic gord (burgwall), probably built by Polabian Zamizi tribes. The castle was possibly slighted during the Wendish Crusade of 1147 and about 1200 a lowland castle was erected on an opposite peninsula, which from 1214 served as the residence of the Lords of Ruppin. Their lordship remained an immediate Imperial estate until its final incorporation into the neighbouring Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1524.
The name Neuruppin means "New Ruppin", as the original settlement of Ruppin (later Alt Ruppin, "Old Ruppin") was located around the castle on the north-eastern shore of the Ruppiner See. In the early 13th century, when the settlement became too small for the growing population, Neuruppin on the western shore of the lake was established by the Lords of Lindow-Ruppin. First mentioned in a 1238 deed, it became the first establishment of the Dominican Order between the Elbe and Oder rivers, when the local noble Wichmann von Arnstein founded Neuruppin Abbey in 1246. Today only the monastery church is still standing. Since the Protestant Reformation it is called St Trinitatis. Neuruppin received town privileges on 9 March 1256; town walls were erected and completed until the 15th century.
In 1524 Ruppin Land was finally seized as a reverted fief by the Hohenzollern Elector Joachim I Nestor of Brandenburg. The monastery was secularised in the course of the Reformation and its premises ceded to the Neuruppin citizens. The town was ravaged by the Thirty Years' War, from about 1685 French Huguenot refugees settled here. In 1688 Neuruppin became a Brandenburg-Prussian garrison town.
After a disastrous fire in 1787 the Neo-Classicism of the rebuilt town's buildings characterise its townscape to the present day. It remained a garrison town until the late 20th century, since Soviet (resp. Russian) troops were stationed here until 1993; during this time there were as many Soviet soldiers as inhabitants in Neuruppin.
Recent Population Development and Projections (Population Development before Census 2011 (blue line); Recent Population Development according to the Census in Germany in 2011 (blue bordered line); Official projections for 2005-2030 (yellow line); for 2014-2030 (red line); for 2017-2030 (scarlet line)
Mayors since 1810Edit
- 1810–1816: Dr. Braun
- 1816–1822: Balthasar Friedrich Knoevenvogel
- 1822–1851: Ernst Adolph Bienengräber
- 1851–1888: Ch. L. G. von Schulz
- 1889–1899: Adolf Trenckmann
- 1899–1923: Max Warzecha
- 1923–1933: Ernst Blümel
- 1934–1945: Kurt Krüger
- 1945: Reinhold Meyer
- 1945: Karl Hochstädt
- 1945: Hermann Huch
- 1945–1946: Richard Schulz
- 1946–1948: Trude Marx
- 1948–1949: H. Schulz
- 1949–1951: Joseph Robiné
- 1951–1953: Otto Herms
- 1954–?: Max Hartmann
- 1957–1965: Bruno Salvat
- 1965–1970: Günter Weigt
- 1970–1978: Gerd Hohlfeld
- 1978–1988: Harald Lemke
- 1988–1990: Rainer Frank
- 1990–1991: Silke Bringmann
- 1991–1994: Joachim Zindler
- 1994–2004: Otto Theel
- seit 2005: Jens-Peter Golde
Jens-Peter Golde was reelected in 2013 with 60,4 % of the votes.
The novelist Theodor Fontane, the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, the lieutenant colonel Otto Friedrich Ferdinand von Görschen, the general Hermann Hoth, the serial killer Carl Großmann and the actor Klaus Schwarzkopf were born in Neuruppin. The architect Joachim Ludwig Schultheiss von Unfriedt was possibly from Altruppin.
More sons and daughters of NeuruppinEdit
- 1768 Karl Friedrich von dem Knesebeck in Karwe (Carwe) near Neuruppin, died 1848, Prussian field marshal
- 1836 Paul Carl Beiersdorf, died 1896, pharmacist and founder of Beiersdorf AG
- 1884 Ferdinand von Bredow died 1934, Major General of Reichswehr
- 1922 Klaus Schwarzkopf, died 1991 actor
- 1926 Horst Giese, died 2008 actor
- 1930 Eva Strittmatter, died 2011 writer
- 1943 Jörg Hube, died 2009 actor
- 1962 Uwe Hohn, javelin thrower
- 1962 Ulrich Papke, canoeist
- 1963 Bernd Gummelt, race walker
- 1965 Jens-Peter Herold, middle-distance runner
- 1967 Ralf Büchner, gymnast
- 1974 Timo Gottschalk, rally navigator
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
- Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
- Brigitte Meier: Fontanestadt Neuruppin – Eine Stadtgeschichte in Daten, Karwe 2003
- Petra Torjus (Hrsg.): Elf Frauen die Neuruppin bewegten, Neuruppin 2011
- Ergebnis der Bürgermeisterstichwahl am 27. Januar 2013
Media related to Neuruppin at Wikimedia Commons